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Author Topic: Major Sins by Imam Dhahabi  (Read 9787 times)
UmmOmar
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« on: September 05, 2011, 06:07:26 AM »

بسْمِ اللهِ، الحمد لله وَالصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَّامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ


Definition:


Major sins are defined as what is forbidden by Allah عَزّ وَ جلّ and His Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم in the Qur'an and the Sunnah in addition to what is narrated on the authority of early Muslims. Allah, the Most high, promises whoever avoids the major sins to expiate his minor sins. Allah, the Almighty says (what means),


{If you avoid the great sins which you are forbidden to do, We shall remit from you your (small) sins, and admit you to a Noble Entrance (i.e. Paradise)} (An-Nisaa :31)


In this text, Allah, the Most High, also promises whoever avoids the major sins to admit him to Paradise.

Allah, the Almighty says (what means),

{Those who avoid the greater sins and indecencies, and when they are angry even they forgive;}
(Ash-Shura:37)


The Qur'an also states,

{Those who avoid great sins and indecent deeds, save lesser offences, verily thy Lord is ample in forgiveness.}                                                                                       
[/color] (An-Najm:32)


The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,


"The five prescribed Prayers, and from one Friday Prayer to another and from Ramadan to another
entail forgiveness for what is between them as long as you do not commit the major sins.”
(Reported by Muslim, Tirmithi, Ibn Khuzaymah and Ahmed)

We are obliged to learn about what the major sins are, so that Muslims may avoid them. Scholars of
Sacred knowledge are of different opinions about the number of the major sins. It is argued that
they are only seven owing to the Prophet's صلى الله عليه و سلم saying,

"Avoid the seven heinous sins: Worshipping others with Allah, sorcery, taking a life which Allah has made sacred except in the course of justice, devouring usury, appropriating the property of the orphan, fleeing from the battlefield, and charging believing women, unmindful though innocent, with
adultery.”
(Reported by Bukhari and Muslim)

Ibn Abbas holds that they are likely counted as seventy not seven. That is a good point of view because enumeration is not intended in the Hadith.

As a matter of fact, any sin entailing either a threat of punishment in the Hereafter explicitly mentioned by the Qur'an or Hadith, a prescribed legal penalty (Hadd), or being accursed by Allah or His Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم is called a major sin. We have to bear in mind that some major sins are more heinous than others. This is because the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم has enlisted Shirk (worshipping others with Allah) though a polytheist will suffer eternal torture in Fire and will never be forgiven.


Allah, the Almighty says (what means),

{116. Verily! Allâh forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allâh, has indeed strayed far away.}
(An-Nisa:116)

To be continued in details on each of them in sha' ALLAH
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And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Qur'an (2:186)
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« Reply #1 on: September 07, 2011, 08:13:55 AM »

بسْمِ اللهِ، الحمد لله وَالصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَّامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ


1) Ascribing Associates To Allah, the Most High (Shirk)


The worst major sin is Shirk. It is of two kinds:


a) To hold that Allah has an equal, whereas He has created you, and to worship another with Him, whether it be a stone, tree, sun, moon, prophet, sheikh, star, angel or other. This is the greatest shirk mentioned by Allah, the Most High, the Almighty, says (what means),

{116. Verily! Allâh forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allâh, has indeed strayed far away. }(An-Nisa:116)

{False worship is indeed the highest wrong-doing.} (Luqman:13)

{Whoever joins other gods with Allah; Allah will forbid him the Garden, and the Fire will be his abode.}
(Al-Ma'idah:72)


The Qur'anic verses concerning this are very numerous. It is being absolutely certain that whoever ascribes associates to Allah and dies in such a state is one of Hell's inhabitants, just as whoever believes in Allah and dies as a believer is one of the inhabitants of Paradise, even if be should be punished first.

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Shall I tell you of the worst major sins? Worshipping others with Allah, showing disrespect to parents, giving a false statement, and testifying to the truth of a falsehood. " And he kept repeating it until we were telling ourselves (out of sympathy for him because of the strain of repeating it), "If only he would be silent.” ( Reported by Bukhari, Muslim and Tirmidhi.)

"Avoid the seven heinous sins.” (Reported before)

and he mentioned ascribing associates to Allah.

"Kill whoever converted his religion (Islam).” (Reported by Bukhari, Ahmed, Ibn Hibban, An-Nasa'i and Abu Ya'la.)

b) Ostentation

Allah, the Most High, says (what means),

{Whoever expects to meet his Lord, let him work righteous, and, in the worship of his Lord, admit no one as partner.} (AL-Kahf:11O)


i.e., does not show off in good works

"Beware of the lesser shirk." They asked, "What is the lesser shirk?" He said, "Showing off in good works. Allah, the Almighty will say when recompensing the mankind for  their deeds: Go to those whom you showed off to in the world to see how they could recompense you. .” (Reported by Ahmad.)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"If anybody associates something with Me, I am not affected.  If anyone associates somebody with Me, in any way, I reject him and his act of associating.” (Reported by Muslim. It's a Qudsi Hadith.)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"A person who does some good work in order to boast will have his faults exposed by Allah Most High and a person whose motive in doing some good deed is to show it, Allah the Most High will treat him as a hypocrite.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari.)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"There may be a faster who does not gain from his fasting but hunger and thirst.”

A wise man said, "Just as the one who shows off in good works is the one who fills his purse with pebbles and leaves for the market to buy food. If he opened it before the seller he will be stoned with it in his face. He gains nothing but the people's inquiry about what fills his purse, nothing more. Thus, the one who shows off in good works will have no value but the people's saying that he did good and he will not be rewarded in the Hereafter."

Allah, the Almighty, says (what means),

{And We shall turn to whatever deeds they did (in this life), and We shall make such deed as floating dust scattered about.} (Al-Furqan:23)


It was related that a man asked the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم

"How can I be redeemed?" The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, "If you do not deceive Allah" The man asked, "How is Allah deceived?" He replied, "When you do something which Allah and His Messenger commanded you to do but you intended other than pleasing Allah. Beware of ostentation, it is the lesser shirk (polytheism); On the Day of Judgment, the ostentatious will be called at the presence of all creatures by four names: O Ostentatious, O traitors, O corrupt, O loser; what you did is wasted and your reward is nullified. We will not reward you, go and get your reward from whomever you acted to deceive?” (Reported by AI-Zubaidi in lthaf)

A wise man was asked, "Who is the sincere one?" He replied, "It is he who hides his good deeds as he does with his bad deeds." Someone asked, "What is the good of sincerity?" He said, "When you dislike to be praised by people."

Al-Fudail Ibn Eiad, may Allah be pleased with him said, "To refrain from an action for the sake of people is ostentation. To do something for their sake is shirk (polytheism). But sincerity is to be aware of them."

O Allah! Let us be away from them and forgive us.
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And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Qur'an (2:186)
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« Reply #2 on: September 08, 2011, 02:20:23 PM »

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ


Assalaamu'alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa Barakatuh

JazakAllaah Khair for very beneficial posts.



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UmmOmar
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« Reply #3 on: September 12, 2011, 02:43:19 AM »

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته

جزاك اللّه خيرا


2) Killing A Human  Being



Allah, the Almighty, says,

{If a man kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein (forever); and the wrath and curse of Allah are upon him, and a dreadful chastisement is prepared for him.}(An-Nisa:93)

{Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred, except for just cause, nor commit fornication,' and any that does this (not only) meets punishment.} (Al-Furqan:68)

{Because of that We ordained for the Children of Israel that if anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land - it would be as if he killed all mankind...} (Al- Ma'ida:32)

{When the female (infant), buried alive, is questioned -for what crime she was killed.} (Al Takwir:8-9)


The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Avoid the seven heinous sins."

And he mentioned taking one's life which Allah has made sacred except in the course of justice.

It was related that someone asked the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم,

"What is the most heinous sin in the sight of Allah?" The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, "To hold that Allah has an equal whereas He has created you.". The man asked, "What else?" The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, "To kill your  child lest he feeds with you." The man asked, "What else?" He said, "To commit adultery with your neighbor's wife.” (Reported by Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi and An- Nasa'i)

Therefore, Allah, the Almighty, revealed,

{Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred, except for just cause, nor commit fornication,. and any that does this (not only) meets punishment. (Al-Furqan:68)

It was related that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"When two Muslims meet with drawn sword, both the slayer and the slain are in the Hell." It was said, "0 Messenger of Allah, that is for the slayer. But why the slain?" He replied, "Because his intention was to kill the other.” (Reported by Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, An-Nisa'i, Ibn Majah and Ibn Hibban)

Abu Suliman Al-Khitabi commented, "Such punishment does not apply to a legal and justifiable combat. They entail this abode if they fight one another out of enmity, fanaticism, to acquire some worldly benefit or a position of leadership. Thus, out of this pole is the one who fights against an aggressive Muslim if he follows the rules of fighting and the one who defends himself without intending to kill the opponent.

Whoever fights against an aggressive Muslim or a highway robber, should not seek to kill them. Rather he should try to deter him as much as he can. When they refrain we should refrain.

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"You should not turn an unbeliever when I am no more (among you) and start killing and shedding blood among yourselves.” (Reported before)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"The first thing among human beings to be adjudicated on the Day of Judgment, will be the blood claim.” (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim)

"Taking a believer's life is more grievous in Allah's sight than the perishing of this world.” (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim)

"The major sins are worshipping others with Allah, showing disrespect to parents, killing a human being, and breaking one's oath.” (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim)


It is termed engulfing because it overwhelms its swearer in the Fire.

"For all the murders committed in this world without any justification, prophet Adam's son, Qabil will get a share of punishment, because it was he who inaugurated the method  of killing by murdering his brother Habil.”  (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim)

If this is the abode of he who kills a covenant man then what about killing a Muslim?

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Whoever killed anyone of the people of the covenant will never get the aroma of paradise which can be smelt from forty years away.” (Reported by Bukhari)

"Whoever helps in killing a Muslim even by just a part of a word, he will meet Allah with the written phrase on his forehead "Despondent of Allah's Mercy.”(Reported by Ibn Majah. It is a weak Hadith)

"Every sin might be forgiven by Allah except for a man dying an unbeliever or a man killing a believer deliberately.” (Reported by Abu Dawud)

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And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Qur'an (2:186)
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« Reply #4 on: September 15, 2011, 01:07:10 AM »

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

3) Sorcery

Sorcery is a major sin because the sorcerer must necessarily disbelieve and the accursed Devil has no other motive for teaching a person witchcraft than that he might thereby ascribe associates to Allah.

Allah, the Almighty, says,

{Solomon did not disbelieve but Satan disbelieved, teaching men magic, and such things as came down at Babylon to the angels Harut and Marut. But neither of these taught anyone (such things) without saying, 'We are only for trial,' so do not blaspheme.' They learned from them the means to sow discord between man and wife. But they could not harm anyone except by Allah's permission. And they learned what harmed them, not what profited them. And they knew that the buyers of (magic) would have no share in the happiness of the Hereafter.} (AI- Baqarah: 102)

Thus, you might find some people who are astray delving in learning sorcery and thinking that it is just unlawful. Actually, they do not consider what they do as disbelief, but it is! They embark on learning all kinds of sorcery: Pure sorcery, increasing or decreasing the love between a man and a woman, making a man important and the like. All of these practices are done by means of some unknown words, most of which lead to unbelief.

The penalty for a sorcerer is to be killed. This is because he is an unbeliever. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Avoid the seven heinous sins.” (Reported before)

And he mentioned sorcery.

"The penalty for a sorcerer is the sword.” (Reported by Tirmidhi)

Bijalah Ibn Abah related, 'Umar رضى اللّهُ عنه came to us one year before his death and said,

"Kill every sorcerer (male or female).” (Reported by Abu Dawud)

Wahb Ibn Munabbih said, "I read in a book: 'Allah the Almighty says, 'There is no god but Me. He is not of Me who practices sorcery, or asks someone to practice with him. The one who foretells or the foretold, the one who seeks an omen or for whom an omen is sought.” (4 Reported by Al- Haythami in "Majma' Az-Zawa'id to Al-Bazzar)

`Ali Ibn Abi Talib رضى اللّهُ عنه said, "A fortuneteller is a sorcerer, a sorcerer is a disbeliever."

Abu Musa Al-Ashari رضى اللّهُ عنه related that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"The drunkard, the one who severs the ties of kinship, and whoever believes in sorcery will not enter Paradise.” (Reported by Ahmad)

Ibn Mas'ud رضى اللّهُ عنه related that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Incantations, amulets and spells are Shirk (polytheism).” (Reported by Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah and Ahmad)

These are treated as Shirk because the ignorant believes that these things can affect what has been predetermined by Allah. However, Al-Khattabi said, "Incantations or healing words are permitted if they consist of the Qur'an or the Most Beautiful Names of Allah."


The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم used to recite (incantate) Al-Hasan and Al-Husain رضي اللّهُ عنهما by saying,

"I seek refuge for you in Allah's Perfect Words from every Devil, beast or envious.” (Reported by Bukhari)
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And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Qur'an (2:186)
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« Reply #5 on: October 09, 2011, 06:42:59 AM »

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

4) Not Performing the Prayer - Part 1

Allah, the Most High, says,

{But after them there followed a posterity who missed Prayers and followed after lusts soon, then, will they face destruction, except those who repent and believe, and work righteousness.} (Maryam 59-60)


Commenting on the above verses (Ayat), Ibn 'Abbas said,

"Allah's statement, "Who missed Prayers does not mean that they did not perform it at all but rather they did not perform it in its due time.”

Sa'id Ibn AI-Mussaiyyib, Imam of the Tabi'een (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "It is he who postpones the Dhuhr (Early Afternoon Prayer) until the time of Asr Prayer (Late Afternoon Prayer) and so are Maghrib (Sunset Prayer) until' /sha' (Evening Prayer), /sha until Fajr (Dawn Prayer) and Fajr until the sun rises. If someone dies persisting in such habits and does not repent to Allah, Allah promises to make him face Ghayy (destruction). But Ghayy may also be the name of a valley in the Hell whose bottom is so deep and tastes so bitter.

Allah, the Most High, says,

{So woe to the worshipers who are neglectful of their Prayer.} (Ma'un: 4-5)

Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas related, "I asked the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم about the meaning of "the worshippers who are neglectful of their Prayer.' He said, "It is the delaying of performing the Prayer in its definite time." The word (Wayl) in the Ayah may refer to severe torture or it may be the name of a valley in the Hell. Were the whole mountains of the world brought in such valley it would melt because of severe heat. This is the abode of those who are not serious in Prayer unless they repent to Allah and regret for what they have done.

Allah, the Almighty, says,

{O ye who believe! Let not your riches or your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah, if any act thus, surely they are the losers.}(AI-Munafiqun: 9)

The exegetes said, "The remembrance of Allah in the above Ayah means the five daily Prayers. Therefore, whoever preoccupies himself with his property, trade, livelihood or children rather performing Prayer in its definite time will be a loser".

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, "The first of one's works that he shall be called to account for on the Day of Judgment is the Prayer. If he performed it well, he will be prosperous. Otherwise, he will be loser.” (Reported by At- Tirmidhi who said it is authentic hadith but singular.)

Allah, the Most High, says,

{What led you into Hell-Fire? They will say, 'We were not of those who prayed, nor were we of those who feed the indigent. But we used to talk vanities with vain talkers, and we used to deny the Day of Judgment until there came to us (the Hour) that is certain. Then will no intercession of any intercessor profit them.}(Al-Muddathir: 42-48)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"The covenant between us and them consists of the Prayer:Whoever leaves it has disbelieved.”. (Reported by At- Tirmidhi)

It was related that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Between a man and unbelief is the nonperformance of the Prayer.” (Reported by Muslim.)

"Whoever neglects the Prayer of 'Asr (Late Afternoon Prayer) will have his deeds vain.”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari.)

"Whoever neglects the Prayer intentionally will be free from Allah's covenant.” (Reported by Al-Haythami and Ahmed)

"I have been commanded to fight people until they testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammed is the Messenger of Allah and perform the Prayer, and pay Zakah. If they say it, they have saved their blood and possessions from me, except for the right of Islam over them, and their final reckoning is with Allah.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.)

"Whoever keeps on performing Prayers (in its due time), it will be a light, a proof and redemption for him on the Day of Judgment. Otherwise, he will be assembled with Pharaoh,  Qarun Haman and 'Ubai Ibn Khalaf .” (Reported by Ad-Darmi and Ahmad.)

'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said,

"Whoever neglects the Prayer is beyond the pole of Islam.” (Reported by Malik.)

One of the scholars of sacred knowledge said, "He (the one who neglects the Prayer) will be assembled with these four people because he is either preoccupied from performing Prayer by property, kingdom, ministry or trade. If he is preoccupied by wealth, he will be assembled with Qarun. If by kingdom, he will be with Pharaoh. If by ministry, he will be with Haman and if by trade, he will be with Ubai Ibn Khalaf."

Mu'adh Ibn Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him) related that the  Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Whoever intentionally missed an obligatory Prayer thereby becomes an unbeliever.”
Reported before.


'Umar Ibn Al-Khattab said, "A man came to the Messenger of Allah and asked, "O Messenger of Allah, what are most beloved deeds to Allah in Islam?" The Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم said, "To perform Prayers on time, and whoever neglect Prayers has no religion. Prayers are the pillar of Islam..” Reported by AI-Baihaqi. It has a weak chain of transmission.

                                  ****************************************

When Umar was stabbed he was called to Prayer and replied by saying, "Yes, whoever misses Prayer is non-Muslim." He then prayed while bleeding.

'Abdullah Ibn Shaqiq, one of the Tabi'een, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "The Prophet's Companions did not view the nonperformance of anything as unbelief besides the Prayers.” (Reported by At- Tirmidhi.)

When' Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) was asked about a woman who did not perform her Prayers, he said, "Whoever neglects Prayers is unbeliever."

Ibn Mas'ud also said,

"Whoever does not pray is an infidel."

Ibn 'Abbas stated, "Whoever intentionally missed an obligatory Prayer entails Allah's wrath when he dies." The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Whoever dies neglecting the Prayers, Allah will not regard any of his good deeds.” (It is cited by AI-GhazaIi.)


Ibn Hazm said, "The most heinous sins next to Shirk (polytheism) are the delayment of Prayers and taking a life of a believer except for just cause."

Ibrahim An-Nakh'i also said, "Whoever leaves the Prayers has disbelieved."

Moreover, 'Aun Ibn 'Abdullah said, "When a servant is laid in his grave, he will be asked, first about the Prayers. If it is accepted, his other works will be examined. If not, nothing will be examined any more."

The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"When a servant performed a Prayer on time, it will rise skyward enveloped with light until it reaches the Throne. There, it asks forgiveness to its doer up to the Day of Judgment, and says, "May Allah preserve you as you have preserved me." But if  the servant performs  a Prayer  out of its time, it will rise skyward enveloped with darkness. When it reaches the sky, it will be folded as an old cloth and then kicked back to the doer's face and says, "May Allah make you lose as you missed me.” (Reported by Al-Haithami and At-Tabarani.)

'Abdullah Ibn 'Amr Ibn Al-As related that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Allah does not accept the Prayers  of three people: whoever leads a group of people who dislike him, whoever prays after missing the due time of the Prayer, and he who enslaved someone after freeing him.”
(Reported by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah)

The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Whoever joins two Prayers together without a legal excuse, he then commits a major sin.”
(Reported by At-Tirmidhi and Al-Hakim)

When should a child be ordered to perform the Prayer?

The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"When a boy reaches the age of seven years, teach him the Prayers  (Salat), and punish him, when he commits a default (in his Prayers) at the age of ten years.” (Reported by At- Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud)

It was related that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"When your children attain the age of seven years, ask them to perform the Prayer and chastise them in respect of any fault in this behalf; when they are ten years old, let them sleep in separate beds.”
(Reported by Abu Dawud and Ahmad)

There are differences among Islamic legal scholars as to the judgment of he who neglects the Prayer. Malik, Shafi'i and Ahmed all hold that the one who misses the Prayer is executed. Then they differ as regards his belief, should they call him an unbeliever or not (incase of neglecting the Prayer without a legal excuse)? The opinion that such a person become an unbeliever has been ascribed to Ibrahim AnNakh'iy, Ayyub As-Sakhtiyani, 'Abdullah Ibn Al-Mubarak, Ahmed Ibn Hambal and Ishaq Ibn Rahawyah. Those who hold that whoever misses a Prayer becomes an unbeliever adduce the following evidence:

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"The covenant between us and them consists of the Prayer: whoever leaves it has disbelieved.”
(Reported before)

The Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم also said,

"Between a man and unbelief is the nonperformance of the Prayer.” (Narrated before)
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And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Qur'an (2:186)
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« Reply #6 on: October 11, 2011, 02:49:07 AM »


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

4) Not Performing the Prayer - Part 2

The Benefits of Performing Prayers:


The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"The first faces that will turn dark on the Day of Judgment are the faces of those who neglect the Prayer. In the HellFire.. there is a valley called Al-Malham that contains serpents. Each serpent is as fat as a camel's neck and its length is equal to the distance covered in a day. Then, it stings the one who neglects the Prayer, the poison boils in his body for seventy years then the flesh is torn out.” (Reported by Al-Hakim.)

Mas'ud Al-Badri related that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"A Prayer is not valid if one's back is not upright after bowing and prostration.” (Reported by Ahmad.)

Thus, he who prays should remain motionless for a moment while bowing, prostrating, standing etc. It was related that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"The worst thief is he who steals from his Prayer.” Someone asked, "How?" He answered, "When he does not bow, prostrate or recite therein perfectly.” (Reported by AJ-Darami, Ahmed and Al-Hakim.)


The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Allah does not look to a man who does not rise his back upright and prostration.” (Reported by Ahmed.)

"This the Prayer  of a hypocrite who watches the sun until he finds it about to set, then he stands and performs it as quick as a bird picking the seeds and he hardly remembers Allah in it.” (Reported by Muslim)


Abdullah Al-Ash'ari related, One day the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم led the companions in the Prayer. After finishing the Prayer, someone came in to pray. He started to pray so fast that he could hardly remain motionless for a moment while bowing or prostrating. Meanwhile, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, "Behold, if this man dies, he dies believing in a religion other than Muhammad's."

'Umar Ibn AI-Khattab related that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Whoever prays is surrounded by two angels on right and left. If he performed it properly, they take it and ascend to Allah, the Almighty. Otherwise, they struck his face with it.” (Reported by Ad-Dar Qutni)

'Ubadah Ibn As-Aumit related, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Whoever makes ablution properly and performs properly the integrals of Prayer: bowing, prostration and recitation therein, the Prayer says, "May Allah preserve you as you preserve me.” Then the Prayer is risen up skyward enveloped with light. When approaching the heaven 's gates, it will find it opened. So it keeps on rising up until it reaches Allah. There, it intercedes for the one who performed it. But if he does not perform (its integral) properly: bowing, prostration or recitation therein, the Prayer says, "May Allah neglect you as you neglected me..”  Then, the Prayer is risen up skyward enveloped with darkness. Approaching the gates of heaven, it will find it closed. Then, it will be folded as an old cloth and kicked back to the doer's face.” (Reported by Al-Haithami.)


Salman Al-Farisi narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

“The Prayer is a measure. Whoever gives a just measure, he will be rewarded in full. Whoever stints, you know what Allah says about the stinters. "

Allah, the Almighty says,

{Woe to the stinters.}
(Al-Mutafifeen:l)

The stinter is he who stints when weighing or measuring out goods or Prayers. Allah promises to punish them with Wail. A valley in the Hell-Fire from its heat the Hell itself seeks refuge. We seek Allah's refuge from it.

Ibn ' Abbas narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Whoever prostrates should place his forehead, nose and hands on the floor, as Allah has revealed upon me to prostrate on five organs: Forehead, nose, the palms of hands, the knees and feet. I have also not to prostrate on hair nor cloths. Thus, .whoever prostrates improperly, the organ that fails to touch the floor will curse him until he completes the Prayer.”  (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.)


Al-Bukhari reported on the authority of Huzayfa Ibn Al- Yamman (may Allah be pleased with him) who said that he once noticed a man praying but he bowed and prostrated improperly. He said to him: "You did not pray. If you die, you will die believing in a religion other than Muhammad's صلى الله عليه و سلم.”  (Reported by Al-Bukhari)

In Abu Dawud's narration, the above hadith is reported as following, "How long have you prayed in this manner?" He said, "Forty years ago;" He said, "You did not pray forty years ago and if you died you would die believing in a religion other than Muhammed's صلى الله عليه و سلم."

Al-Hassan Al-Basri used to say, "O son of Adam what is dearer to you of your religion than Prayers. It is the first thing that you will be called to account for on the Day of Judgment. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"The first of people works that they should be called to account for on the Day of Judgment is the Prayer. Our Lord, Holly and Exalted will say to His angels, while knowing better than they, "Look at the Prayer of My servant. Did he perform it in full, or fall short of it?" If it is in order, then he will have prospered and succeeded; if it is wanting, then he will have failed and lost. While if anything is missing from it, He will say, "Look to see if My servant has any supererogatory worship.” And if he has, Allah will say, "Complete My servant's obligatory Prayers for him from his supererogatory ones. “And he will be dealt with likewise in his other works.” (Reported before.)

Hence, we should increase our supererogatory worshipping to complete the obligatory ones if they fall shorter.

The punishment of he who misses the congregational Prayer though he is able to do, Allah, the Almighty says,

{The Day that the shin shall be laid bare, and they shall be summoned to prostrate, but they shall not be able,  their  eyes will be cast  down, ignominy will cover them; seeing that  they had  been summoned aforetime to bow in adoration, while they were whole, (and had refused.)}  (AI-Qalam: 42-43)

Sa'id Ibn Al-Musaiyyib commented, although they were whole in this world, they did not answer the caller to Prayer. On the other hand, Ka'b Al-Ahbar said, By Allah, this Ayah is only revealed concerning those who missed the congregational Prayer. 0' what a severe torture awaiting for those who are able to perform the Prayer in congregation, but they do not."

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"I have considered having a man lead people at Prayer and going myself to those who hang back from attending the Prayer in congregation to burn their houses down upon them.” (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim.)


Behold, this threat cannot be issued unless there is something obligatory left.

It was related that once, a blind man came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and said,

"O Messenger of Allah, I have nobody to lead me to the mosque." Then he asked for a permission to pray at home. Thereby, the Prophet permitted him. But before leaving, the Prophet called him and said, "Do you hear the Call to Prayer?”  He said, yes. The Prophet said, "Then you have to respond to it.”  (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim.)


Once, 'Amr Ibn Umm Maktum came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and said,

"O Messenger of Allah, in Madina there are numerous number of reptiles and beasts whereas I am a blind man and live far away from the mosque. Further, I have an inconvenient guide. Shall I have a dispension to pray at home? "Then, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم asked, "Do you hear the words of the Call to Prayer?"  He said, yes. The Prophet said, "Then, you have to respond to it, I have no dispension to you.” (Reported by Muslim.)


Behold, that is a blind man and faces many hardship in his way to the mosque and has no guide, yet the
Prophet does not permit him to pray at home. How about the sightful people who have no excuse?

Therefore, when Ibn 'Abbas is asked about someone who fasts the day and prays the night but does not attend the Friday or congregational Prayer. He replied, "If he dies doing that he will enter the Hell-Fire.” (Reported by At- Tirmidhi.)


Abu Hurayrah said, "It is better for one's ears to be filled with molten lead than to hear the Call to
Prayer without answering it."

Ibn 'Abbas related that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"Whoever heard the caller to Prayer and did not answer not because of an excuse.”  Someone asked, "What kind of  excuse is that,  Messenger?"  He said,  "Fear  or  sickness, he will not have his Prayer accepted.” (Reported by Abu Dawud, Al-Hakim and Ibn Hibban)


i.e., the Prayer which he performed at home.

Ibn ' Abbas also related that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"There are three people whom Allah cursed: Whoever leads a group of people in Prayer who dislike him, a woman whose husband spends the night angry with her and whoever heard the call to Prayer but he does not answer.”  (Reported by At- Tirmidhi.)


'Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "A Prayer of a neighbor of a mosque is only accepted in the mosque." Someone asked, "Who is a neighbor of a mosque?" He said, "Whoever hears the call to Prayer."

`Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud related that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

"A person who likes to meet Allah tomorrow (on the Day of Judgment) as a true Muslim, he should then take care of those Prayers where (and when) he is summoned for them. This is necessary as Allah has laid down some practices and rules for us to follow (which have reached us) through our Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and these Prayers are among them. If you offer Prayers at your houses as this good for nothing person is doing, you will be guilty of neglecting the way of your Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم then you go astray. I have seen the people in condition when only known hypocrites used to be out of the lines of congregation. Some of us used to be brought to the mosque with the help of two men on account of their weakness or illness, until they could stand in line.” (Reported by Muslim.)

Ar-Rabie Ibn Khutham had a disease in his leg. He used to go out for Prayer leaning on two men. They advised him, "O father of Muhammed, Allah has permitted you to pray at home as you have a legal excuse." He said, "Ok, but I hear the call to Prayer. Whoever could answer even if he creeps or crawl, it is better to do so."

Hatim Al-Asam said, "One day, I missed a Prayer in congregation but no one lead me except Abu Ishaq Al-Bukhari. However, if one of my children died, there would be ten thousand people who offer me condolence. This is because a trial in religion is easier than a one at the sight of people.

Someone of early Muslims said, a congregational Prayer is missed because of sins. Ibn 'Umar narrated,

"Once Umar was in his garden, when coming back, he found that the people had performed the Asr Prayer. Thereby, he said, "We will surely return to Allah! I missed the Asr Prayer in congregation. May you witness that I gave my garden in charity to the needy so as to expiate what 'Umar had done."

It is recommended to pay more attention to 'Isha' and Fajr. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلمsaid,

"The hypocrites find dawn (Fajr)  and night (Isha') Prayers  in congregation as very oppressive. If they could know the virtues of  these two Prayers,  they would certainly join them, even if  they had  to go crawling.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari.)

Ibn 'Umar said, "When missing a man in the congregational Prayer of Isha and Fajr, we might think that he was a hypocrite."

'Ubaydallah Ibn Amr Al-Qawarir said, "I have never missed Isha Prayer in congregation. One night I had a grief which occupied me from performing the' Isha' Prayer in congregation. Thereby, I sought for another mosque allover Al-Basra to realize the Prayer but of no avail all the mosques were closed. Then I went home and decided to apply what is stated in the hadith, "Recompense for Prayer  offered along with the congregation is twenty seven times more than the Prayer  offered at home” (Reported by Muslim) Therefore, I performed' Isha' Prayer twenty seven times. Afterwards, I slept. I dreamt that I was riding my horse racing some other people who were also riding their horses but I could not catch them. Then one turned to me and said, "Do not get your horse toiled, you would never catch us. I asked him why? He said, "we performed the 'Isha' Prayer in congregation but you did alone." Then I got up so sad.

We seek Allah's help and guidance for He is the Most Generous, the Most Bounteous.
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And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Qur'an (2:186)
chakula
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« Reply #7 on: November 10, 2011, 08:33:58 AM »

Salam Sister,

I browsed little on this thread and it was happened that the benefits attached to it is worthy, however I don't have much time to browse it all, but as usual I will keep fallowing it bit by bit up to the end.

Ma'asalam.
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