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chakula
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« Reply #15 on: October 25, 2010, 01:33:23 AM »

Salam Alaikum,

Nice one sister,

Ma'asalam.
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chakula
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« Reply #16 on: October 25, 2010, 01:39:39 AM »

Salam Alaikum,

Allahu Ahad Allahu Samad.

Ma'asalam.
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UmmOmar
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« Reply #17 on: October 27, 2010, 10:52:49 AM »


وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

                                                           Hafsah bint `Umar رضي اللّهُ عنهما - Part I

One day the Angel Jibril عليه السلام visited the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and narrated about Hafasah رضي اللّهُ عنها: "She is often fasting and worshiping lady and she will be your wife in Paradise too."(Mustadrak Hakim 4/15)

Hafsah  رضي اللّهُ عنها was the daughter of ’Umar Faroo رضي اللّهُ عنه and the niece of another famous Sahabi (Companion), ’Uthrnan bin Maz’oon رضي اللّهُ عنه who was fortunate to have the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم lead the funeral prayer and bury him himself in Jannatul Baqi’- the first Sahabi to be buried there. Her uncle from the paternal side, a martyr and a General of the Muslim army was Zaid bin Khattab. ’Umar Farooq
رضى اللّهُ عنه acknowledged the superiority of his brother when he said that Zaid رضى اللّهُ عنه accepted Islam before him and attained martyrdom before him. ’Abdullah bin ’Umar رضي اللّهُ عنهما, who was declared by the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم to be an excellent man, was her brother.

Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها was an extremely religious lady who used to spend her time in prayer and fasting. An excellent writer and orator, an ardent follower of Islam, She could number seven of her family members among the warriors at Badr: her father ’Umar bin Khattab, her paternal uncle Zaid bin Khattab, her husband Khanees bin Hathafah, three of her mother’s brothers, ’Uthman bin Maz’oon, Qudamah bin Maz’oon, and ’Abdullah bin Maz’oon, and Sa’ib bin ’Abdullah bin Maz’oon رضي اللّهُ عنهم. All of them had taken part in the Battle of Badr and fought so courageously in the cause of Islam that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said that they would surely enter Paradise.

Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها had such noble qualities and such an amiable nature that ’Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها remarked that among wives of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم  only she could compare with her. Her life is exemplary, brought up as she was by a Companion of the caliber of ’Umar bin Khattab رضى اللّهُ عنه.

She was born during the period when re-installing the Black Stone in the walls of the Ka’bah occurred which erupted an argument as who would have the honour to do it. This issue was very brilliantly and easily resolved by Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم who wasn't yet a Prophet at that time (5 years before the Prophethood) but was known for his honesty, integrity and wisdom. After he had been chosen to put it he made a very wise choice and stunned the people by asking for a large sheet; picking up the Black Stone, he placed it in the centre of the sheet. Then he asked each of the chiefs to hold the edges of the sheet and raise it. Picking up the Black Stone, he placed it in the niche in the wall. It was during this period that a baby girl, Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها, was born in the family of a great warrior and wrestler, ’Umar bin Khattab رضى اللّهُ عنه who was well known for his martial skills.

   In her growing years she was brought up in a completely Islamic environment, both her parents and her aunts and uncles having already converted to the new religion. When she was old enough, she was married to Khanees bin Hazafah Sehmi. He was influenced by the teaching of Abu Bakr Siddique رضى اللّهُ عنه and had accepted Islam. When the leaders of the Quraish first heard about Khanees bin Hazafah Sehmi رضى اللّهُ عنه becoming a Muslim they were enraged, and he also was subjected to the worst cruelty and oppression possible. He therefore joined the caravan of the persecuted migrants leaving for Abyssina. It is said this was around the time when the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم had not yet started educating the new converts. But Khanees bin Hazafah Sehmi رضى اللّهُ عنه was very homesick there and just could not settle down. He sorely missed Makkah where he spent his childhood and youth and decided to return. Again he faced the sufferings that were inflicted on the followers of the new religion. After some time the call was given by the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم to migrate to Al-Madinah.

    Khanees رضى اللّهُ عنه answered the call, thus becoming one of the few faithful followers who went through the rigors of migrating twice in obedience to the Prophet’s call. This time around he was with his wife Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها. Here he was welcomed by Rafa’h bin ’Abdul Manzar رضي اللّهُ عنه and stayed in his house as his guest. After practically all the Muslims had reached Al-Madinah, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم also undertook the journey. He entrusted all the things that the people left with him to ’Ali رضى اللّهُ عنه for safekeeping. Escaping the watchful eyes of the enemy who had surrounded his house, he reached the house of Abu Bakr Siddique رضى اللّهُ عنه accompanied by him he set out on his historic journey. The first stop they made was for three days in the cave of Thour; then they continued on the second lap of the journey. The disbelievers tried their very best to track him, but they failed. Abu Jahl, one of his
greatest enemies set a very large reward on his head - a hundred camels but met with no success. If Allah Almighty wills to protect someone, no earthly enemy can cause him any harm.

On reaching Al-Madinah, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم strengthened the bonds of brotherhood between the migrants and their hosts, the Ansar. For instance, Abu’ Abbas bin Jaber Ansai and Khanees bin Hazafah Sehmi رضي اللّهُ عنهما were declared brothers in Islam. Both were students, as it, in the best school of all - the school of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم - and both were accomplished horse riders in the battlefield. Both Khanees and Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنهما loved the new life in Al-Madinah.

Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها made special arrangements to memorize the Ayat of the Qur’an as and when they were revealed. Then she would give deep thought and attention to the meaning and interpretation of the Ayat. Her husband meanwhile was enthusiastically preparing himself for Jihad and improving his martial skills. He was constantly alert to the movements of the enemy and was ever ready to meet them head on. News came that the Quraish of Makkah - after making elaborate preparations for a war to wipe out the Muslims - were marching towards Al-Madinah.

The heavily armed forces of Abu Jahl set out; the Muslims under the leadership of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم, practically unarmed, reached Badr and set up camp taking control of the only source of water. All they had with them was their strong faith in Allah عزّ و جلّ. When the army of Abu Jahl was sighted, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم prayed to the Almighty that if this small band of the faithful were destroyed there would be no one left on the face of the earth to pray to Him.

Khanees bin Hazafah, ’Umar Farooq رضي اللّهُ عنهما and the maternal and paternal uncles of Hafsah and her cousin رضي اللّهُ عنهم were all part of this courageous band. Her husband was determined to win the battle for Allah and bring to dust the pomp and grandeur of Abu Jahl’s forces. Finally the forces met and Khanees bin Hazafah رضى اللّهُ عنه went tearing through the ranks of the enemy. He was seriously wounded, but most of the leaders of the disbelievers were killed, and Islam triumphed. It is one of the greatest battles fought in history where a handful of unarmed and outnumbered men routed a powerful and well-equipped army.

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم stayed at Badr for three days, while the injured were attended to; then he led the victorious and jubilant Muslim forces back to Al-Madinah. When Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها heard of her husband’s heroic deeds she was very happy, and praised his valour in battle; but she also realized that in his condition he would need the best care possible. She immediately recited the Ayah of Surat Al-Anfal which were revealed in connection with the Battle of Badr,

"Allah made it only as glad tidings, as that your hearts be at rest therewith. And there is no victory except from Allah. Verily, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise." (8:10)

These Words of the Allah All-Mighty promising victory inspired her and she happily turned to the task of nursing her husband back to health. But it was not to be, for he was to be blessed with an exalted position. A few days later he succumbed to his injuries and joined the ranks of those who are blessed with eternal life. When the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم heard of his passing away he arranged for him to be buried in Jannatul Baqi, next to the uncle of Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنهما; he personally led the funeral prayers. Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها  was, naturally, grief stricken, but being a true believer she respectfully submitted to the Will of Allah عزّ و جلّ. She turned towards her Maker and courageously gave herself even more than before to prayer and meditation. She was at this time barely twenty-one years old.

                                         *******************************

  
« Last Edit: October 27, 2010, 10:54:37 AM by tasneem » Logged

And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Qur'an (2:186)
UmmOmar
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« Reply #18 on: October 27, 2010, 10:54:16 AM »


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

                                                          Hafsah bint `Umar رضي اللّهُ عنهما - Part II

                                   ***************************************

For her father it was very painful to see his daughter in this state. Her silent courage under these circumstances, her patient prayers and her study of the Qur’an irradiated her countenance with a spiritual beauty and innocence, but there was also a sadness because of the harsh loneliness that had become part of her life. After deep thought ’Umar Farooq رضى اللّهُ عنه decided to approach ’Uthman bin Affan, whose wife Ruqayyah رضي اللّهُ عنهما the Prophet’s daughter, had passed away. He thought
that sharing a common bond would help to alleviate their sorrow in losing worthy spouses. So, having taken this decision he went direct to ’Uthman رضى اللّهُ عنه. After the formal greeting and expression of condolences on his wife’s death he broached the topic closest to his heart. ’Uthman رضى اللّهُ عنه lowered his eyes and then after a few moments pause, he said he needed time to think it over.

’Umar Farooq رضى اللّهُ عنه met him again after a few days and asked him if he had thought over the proposal. ’Uthman رضى اللّهُ عنه answered that he was not presently planning on marriage. From there he went to Abu Bakr Siddique رضى اللّهُ عنه and offered him his daughter in marriage. He too lowered his gaze and did not answer him. Imam Bukhari in his book of Hadith, As-Sahih Al-Bukhari, has given a whole chapter to the topic of an honorable man offering his sister or daughter in marriage.

’Umar Farooq رضى اللّهُ عنه was very upset because both the men he approached had either avoided or refused marriage to his daughter. He was confident of a willing and joyful acceptance but things turned out otherwise. He was very upset and worried at the turn of events; in a sense it was an affront to him and his position as a sincere defender of the faith. People, he thought, would consider it an honor to have an alliance by marriage with him. With this grievance he went to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and explained to him the position he found himself in. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم smilingly answered that he should neither grieve nor worry, and Allah willing he would find a man better than ’Uthman رضى اللّهُ عنه for Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها, and ’Uthman in turn, would find for himself a better woman than Hafsah.
’Umar Farooq رضى اللّهُ عنه was pleased on hearing this from the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم himself, but also a little perplexed over who such a man could be? A few days later the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم married his daughter, Umm Kulthom رضي اللّهُ عنها to `Uthman رضى اللّهُ عنه. ’Umar Farooq رضى اللّهُ عنه realized that one part of the prediction had come true, but he continued to puzzle over the second half of the statement. Who could possibly be a better man than ’Uthman رضى اللّهُ عنه? One day the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم proposed marriage to Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها. ’Umar Farooq رضى اللّهُ عنه could not believe his ears; his daughter would have the honor of joining the select band of women who were known as the Mothers of the believers! ’Aishah and Saudah رضي اللّهُ عنهما were already part of the Prophet’s household. It seemed too good to be true. Thus Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها was joined in marriage to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم in the 3rd year after Hijrah, before the Battle of Uhud. She was about twenty-two years old at the time. On seeing off his daughter to her husband’s house, ’Umar Farooq رضى اللّهُ عنه told her that she should never try to compete with’ Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها who was the Prophet’s favourite and better than her in many respects. He said she should respect her sincerely and live happily as a member of the first and foremost family. Sa’eed bin Musayyab, a learned scholar, states that the Prophet’s prediction that he was a better husband for Hafsah than ’Uthman was proved right as was his statement that Umm Kulthom  was a better wife for ’Uthman than Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنهم. After the marriage Abu Bakr Siddique met with ’Umar Farooq  رضي اللّهُ عنهما and told him the truth was that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم had mentioned to him that he planned to marry Hafsah. That was the reason he had remained silent, as it would not have been proper to betray his confidence. If matters were different he would have been only too happy to accept her hand in marriage. ’Umar Farooq expressed his happiness by quoting the following Ayah,

"This is by the Grace of my Lord - to test me whether I am grateful or ungrateful! And whoever is grateful, truly, his gratitude is for himself; and whoever is ungrateful, (it is for the loss of only himself). Certainly my Lord is Rich, Bountiful." (27:40)


                                       ****************************
 
After attaining the position of the Mother of the Believers, Hafsah became even more absorbed in studying the finer points of religion. She memorized the different Ayat as and when they were revealed. She would store in her mind conversations of Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم which would be to a better understanding of Islam. Often she would discuss any points that arose in her mind about the Shari ’ah. Jaber bin’ Abdullah Ansari  رضى اللّهُ عنه narrates an incident which was related to him by Umm Mubasher. She and Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنهما and the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم were sitting and chatting together. He said that all the people who had given the pledge of allegiance at Hudaybiyah under the tree would go to Paradise, and not to Hell. She asked how that was possible. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم got annoyed, but Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها did not give up and quoted an Ayah from Surah Maryam.

"There is not one of you but will pass over it (Hell)." (19:71)

In reply he quoted the very next Ayah, also from Surah Maryam .

"Then We shall save those who used to fear Allah and were dutiful to Him. And We shall leave the wrongdoers therein to there knees (in Hell)." (19:72)

This news of Hafsah disputing with the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم spread in Al Madinah. On that day the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم was very disturbed; and when ’Umar Farooq رضى اللّهُ عنه heard about it he chided his daughter. She replied that ’Aishah  too spoke in the same manner to him. Her father again cautioned her not to compete with ’Aishah and maintain a certain decorum, or else she would bring trouble on herself.

Among the Mothers of the believers, ’Aishah, Umm Habibah, Saudah and Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنهن all belonged to the tribe of Quraish. The others came from various other tribes. Everyday after the ’Asr prayer, the
Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم would visit them all for a little while to see if they needed anything; the time of the visits was routine and each would wait eagerly for his arrival. On several occasions, it so happened that he spent more time with Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها. This upset ’Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها and she spoke about it to Hafsah and Saudah رضي اللّهُ عنهما. They got together and found out that a certain relative had sent Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها a special kind of honey and she used to offer it to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم everyday. This was his favourite and he used to be delayed in her apartment, enjoying it. ’Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها was so fond of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم that she could not bear for him to be late coming to her apartment. Because of her regard for him she could not object directly. So she consulted with the other two - Hafsah and Saudah رضي اللّهُ عنهما - and they decided that when he came to each of them by turn, they would all say that there was a strange smell emanating from his mouth. When he heard the same thing from all three of them he
thought it was due to the honey he had, and decided to give it up for good. If this had been an incident in the life of an ordinary person it would have been of no consequence. But this was with the last Prophet of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم, and his every word and every action would become the law or Shari’ah for all Muslims for all time to come. Thus it had a special significance. So Allah عزّ و جلّ rebuked him in Ayah of Sural Al-Tahreem.

"0 Prophet! Why do you forbid (for yourself) that which Allah has allowed to you, seeking to please your wives? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (66:1)

It was around the same time that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم confided a secret matter to Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها and warned her not to speak to anyone about it. But she told ’Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها. Allah then revealed to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم what happened. Allah سبحانه و تعالى revealed this in the following Ayah of Sural Al-Tahreem,

"And when the Prophet disclosed a matter in confidence to one of his wife, then she told it. And Allah made it known to him; he informed part thereof and left a part. Then when he told her thereof, she said: "Who told you this?" He said: "The All Knower, the All-Aware has told me." (66:3)

By the year 9 after Hijrah, most of the Peninsula was under the Islamic government at Al-Madinah; the granaries were full and all the riches were reaching the centre from the different regions of Arabia. Many of the ladies in the household of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم had been brought up in the lap of luxury; so when they saw this reign of prosperity, they too put forward demands for an increase in their household allowances. When ’Umar Farooq رضى اللّهُ عنه heard of this he was very upset; he told his daughter Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها that she should ask her father if she needed anything and not make any demands on the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. He also advised all the Mothers of the Believers not to make any demands. Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها did not quite like this and felt that he had the habit of interfering in every matter. She
told him frankly that he should refrain from meddling in the affairs of the Prophet’s wives.

It was at this time that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم had fallen from his horse and been injured; keeping all these things in view he decided to go into seclusion and moved to an upper room adjacent to the apartment of Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها. The whole city was buzzing with the gossip the hypocrites spread saying that he divorced his wives. But actually no such thing happened. All the Companions were disturbed by this situation, but no one had the courage to approach the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and talk to him directly. Finally 'Umar Farooq رضى اللّهُ عنه known for his forthrightness went to him and asked him if the rumor was true. When he denied it he was delighted. Then he asked if he could announce this good news to the rest of the Muslims. When he received permission, he joyfully informed the community that everything was fine with the Prophet’s household. The whole city was relieved that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم had not been offended in any way. On the twenty-ninth day he came down into the apartment of ’Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها. She asked him smilingly why he came down before the month was over. He replied that often the lunar month did consist of only twenty-nine days. Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها promised her father that she would never ever ask for a raise in her allowance and she stood by her word to the end of her life.

                                            ****************************

Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنها died in the year 41th after Hijrah aged fifty-nine. At the time of death she was fasting. The funeral prayers were led by the governor of Al-Madinah, Marwan bin Hakam. Abu Hurairah and Abu Sa’eed Khudri رضي اللّهُ عنهما the eminent Companion of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم were among those who carried the shroud to Jannatul Baqi’. Her two brothers, ’Abdullah bin 'Umar and ’Asim bin 'Umar رضي اللّهُ عنهما placed her gently into her final resting place. Salem bin ’Abdullah, ’Abdur-Rahman bin ’Abdullah and Hamza bin ’Abdullah, all the sons of ’Abdullah bin 'Umar رضي اللّهُ عنهم also attended funeral. So a righteous and learned writer and reciter of the Noble Qur’an who devoted herself from her youth to prayer, fasting and meditation passed into history.

These Ayat from Surat Al-Qamar express an apt tribute to this great Mother of the Believers.

"Verily, the pious will be in the midst of Gardens and Rivers (Paradise). In a seat of truth, near the Omnipotent King." (54:54-55)

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And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Qur'an (2:186)
chakula
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« Reply #19 on: October 28, 2010, 03:25:11 AM »

Salamu Alaikum,

I hope my Sisters are always with this thread because it seems to be beneficial to them, may Allah Almighty guide us to the right path ameen.

Ma'asalam
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« Reply #20 on: November 02, 2010, 12:27:14 AM »

Subhaanahlllah! So beautifull! inspiring lives of the greatest women of this Ummah! MashaALLAH! Jazaakahllahu Khairun for the work you guys are doing in bringing us this biographies
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UmmOmar
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« Reply #21 on: November 02, 2010, 01:25:25 AM »

وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته

بسْمِ اللهِ، الحمد لله وَالصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَّامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ


                                           Zainab bint Khazeemah رضي اللّهُ عنها

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said: "Allah has commanded me to marry with the women of Paradise only."
She is the lady who was known as the  Mother of distressed and needy because she would give charity to deserving people.

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said that Allah had ordained that he could marry only those women deserving of Paradise. And Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها was a lady who was known as ’The Mother of the poor and needy
because she was the most generous among the ladies of the household.

She was born thirteen years before Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم was chosen as the Messenger of Allah. When he declared himself as the chosen Prophet of Allah he caused a furor in Makkah. Even those who loved and respected him, those who called him ’Truthful’ and ’Trustworthy’, turned into enemies who wanted to kill him. But there were some who were fortunate enough to have the sense to answer his call immediately with the pledge of allegiance to Allah and to him. They called out that they believed and that he was truthful in his claim. Among the righteous band of people who first proclaimed his truthfulness was Zainab bint Khazeemah رضي اللّهُ عنها. She had been married to ’Abdullah bin Jahash رضي اللّهُ عنه. This highly respected Companion attained martyrdom during the Battle of Uhud. The widows and orphaned children of the martyred Companion found security with the other Companion who married the widows and took the children under their protection. Thus Zainab bint Khazeemah رضي اللّهُ عنها after the death of her husband attained the enviable position of becoming a wife of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم.

The husband of Hamnah bint Jahash رضي اللّهُ عنها  was also martyred during the Battle of Uhud and she was also grief stricken. Seeing this the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said:
              "The place a husband held in his wife’s heart could not be taken by any other."

Hamnah told him sighing deeply that it was the thought of the orphaned children that troubled her most and she asked him to pray that Allah جلّ جلاله should give her patience and strength. The Prophet’s prayers for her were accepted and she married the noble Companion Talhah bin ’Abdullah رضى اللّهُ عنه. He was an ideal husband and a loving father for the orphaned children of her first husband. Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها was in the same plight as Hamnah رضي اللّهُ عنها but she did not appeal to any human being. She entrusted her affairs entirely to Allah and devoted herself to prayer and meditation. So when she received a proposal from the best man possible, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم, she was overjoyed with the good fortune that Allah had bestowed on her.

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم married her with a dowry of four hundred Dirhams, and an apartment was constructed for her near those of Hafsah and ’Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنهما. Thus she joined the selected band of pure and virtuous ladies of the Prophet’s household. Allah in the Noble Qur’an speaks of these ladies of His Prophet’s household,

"Allah wishes only to remove evil deed from you, O member of the family (of the Prophet), and to purify you with a thorough purification." (33:33)
And also, "O wives of the Prophet, You are not like any other women." (33:32)

Zainab bint Khazeemah رضي اللّهُ عنها, even before the advent of Islam, was known as ’Mother of the distressed and needy’. This was because she could not bear to see a person hungry or in dire need. She was eulogized in verse by some of the famous poets of the time. Ibn Katheer wrote that she earned the title because of her deeds of charity and generosity. Qastalani writes that she was known by this name even during pre-Islamic times. This great quality of generosity became even more pronounced and intense when she converted to Islam, which has always strongly advocated giving in charity.

The two ladies who were already part of the household - ’Aishah and Hafsah رضي اللّهُ عنهما  - welcomed this new friend and tried their best to give her their sincere sympathetic companionship. They knew that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم married Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها because she was deeply affected by the death of her first husband. Because of the kind behavior of these two noble ladies, her grief was lightened and she felt more at peace. Yet she lived barely eight months after her marriage to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم.
She was just thirty years old when she passed away. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم led the funeral prayers and she was buried in Jannatul Baqi’. Khadijah رضي اللّهُ عنها was the first wife to have passed away in the lifetime of Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم, and Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها was the second.

Allah will be pleased with them and they with Him.
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And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Qur'an (2:186)
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« Reply #22 on: December 12, 2010, 01:42:16 AM »

بسْمِ اللهِ، الحمد لله وَالصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَّامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ

                             
                                              Umm Salamah bint Abu Umayyah (رضي اللّهُ عنها)


The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said: "Allah has commanded me to marry only with the women of Paradise." Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها participated in Rizwan pledge, therefore, she deserved the Paradise.

                                                 ************************************

Her real name was Hind bint Abu Umayyah who became famous by the name Umm Salamah. She was noble by birth, intelligent, learned, wise and skillful. She was first married to ’Abdullah bin ’Abdul Asad Makhzumi know as Abu Salamah. He was the son of the Prophet’s paternal aunt Barrah bint Abdul Muttalib. He too belonged to the select band of people who were the first to accept Islam. He was known for his integrity, valour, generosity, tolerance and patience. He was the eleventh person to come into the fold of Islam. He was also the foster brother of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم by suckling.

Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها was also one of the earliest converts to Islam. Her mother was ’Atikah bint ’Amer bin Rabee’ah bin Malik bin Khazeemah. Her father Abu Ummayyah bin ’Abdullah bin ’Amr bin Makhzoom was a very wealthy man and famous throughout the Arab world for his public service and charity. People who traveled with him did not have to carry food and necessities for the journey because they were always treated as his guests, and he bore all the expenses. Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها seemed to have inherited this trait from her father.

 She was always amiable and kind to her neighbors. When she married the handsome and brave son of the equally wealthy family of Makhzoom, she carried a friendly demeanor of pleasant serenity into her new household. There was an atmosphere of gaiety and love in the home of the newly married couple. But things changed radically when the couple embraced Islam. The whole family turned against them; mischievous and wicked elements like Walid bin Mughairah Makhzoomi started creating problems for them. Finally, when matters reached nearly at their worst, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم advised his staunch followers to migrate to Abyssiniah where the Christian King was more tolerant of the new religion.

Sixteen people set out on that historic first migration of the followers of Islam - twelve men and four women.

These were the people who had that honor:
 
1. ’Uthman bin ’Affan رضى اللّهُ عنه
2. Abu Huthaifah bin ’Utbah رضى اللّهُ عنه
3.’Abu Salamah ’Abdullah bin’ Abdul-Asad Makhzumi رضى اللّهُ عنه
4. ’Amir bin Rabee’ah رضى اللّهُ عنه
5. Zubair bin 'Awam رضى اللّهُ عنه
6. Mus’ab bin ’Umair رضى اللّهُ عنه
7. ’Abdur-Rahman bin ’Awf رضى اللّهُ عنه
8. ’Uthman bin ’Awf رضى اللّهُ عنه
9. Abu Sibrah bin Abi Raham رضى اللّهُ عنه
10. Hatib bin ’Amr رضى اللّهُ عنه
11. Sohail bin Wahab رضى اللّهُ عنه
12. ’Abdullah bin Mas’ood رضى اللّهُ عنه

The following four noble ladies were also part of this migrant group:

1. Ruqiyyah رضي اللّهُ عنها bint Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم, wife of ’Uthman bin ’Affan رضى اللّهُ عنه
2. Sehlah bint Sohail رضي اللّهُ عنها wife of Abu Huzifah bin ’Utbah رضى اللّهُ عنه
3. Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها, wife of Abu Salamah رضى اللّهُ عنه
4. Lailah bint Abi Hashmah رضي اللّهُ عنها, wife of ’Amer bin Rabee’ah رضى اللّهُ عنه

When this caravan reached the shores of the ocean two trading vessels were waiting for departure. They got on board and set sail for Abyssiniah. The next group of immigrants that left for Abyssiniah consisted of eighty-three men and nineteen ladies. Ja’far bin Abi Talib رضى اللّهُ عنه was among them.

Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها narrated that life was very peaceful in Abyssiniah, free of all religious persecution. She first gave birth to a daughter, whom they named Zainab. Then she had a son Salamah, hence her name and her husband’s name. The next child was also a son, ’Umar. Finally they had another daughter who they named Durrah.
                       
                                                 ************************************

Having heard several rumours that it became safe for the Muslims to go back to Makkah they happily left Abyssinia and went back home. but all this was not true and the condition of Muslims was even worse than before. Weary of the constant problems they faced, they decided to leave for Abyssiniah again. It
was at this time that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم ordered staunch Muslims to migrate to Al-Madinah. The delegation from there had brought the news that those who swore allegiance to Allah and His Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم at ’Aqabah had invited Muslims to settle there, and he accepted. The Ansar of Al-Madinah, (as they came to be called), had said they would look after their migrant brethren.

Abu Salamah رضى اللّهُ عنه with his family left on camels for Al-Madinah. When members of her family saw this they caught the bridle of the camel and told him that he could go where he wanted but he would have to leave behind their daughter. They said it seemed like a joke - he was always off somewhere or the other, Abyssiniah, then Al-Madinah! He never seemed to give her a peaceful settled life.

Abu Salamah’s family heard this they were enraged. They came and took her sons away, saying she could not take them with her; they were their flesh and blood and they would bring them up. So, in a moment the whole family was split up in three different places.

Abu Salamah رضى اللّهُ عنه left for Al-Madinah, his wife was left with her parents and the sons were with the grandparents. It was such a shock - this being torn apart from husband and sons - that she just could not stop weeping. Every day she used to visit the spot from where the husband and children had been torn away from her and weep for her loved ones.

One day one of the members of her tribe passed that way and saw her grieving and asked her what happened. She told him about er plight. He then went and gave a piece of his mind to the elders of both families, rebuking them for their cruel behavior towards a noble and helpless lady. His emotional and blunt outburst made them realize how unjust they were and they relented. They gave back her sons to her, and her family too gave her permission to proceed to Al-Madinah.

But how could she travel alone? No one was willing to accompany her. Finally, gaining courage and solace from the fact that she now had her sons with her, she set out for Al-Madinah. When she reached Tan’eem she met ’Uthman bin Talhah ’Abdari, who had not up to that time converted to Islam. He asked her where she was travelling all alone. She replied that she was going to join her husband. He was surprised that not a single member of the family accompanied her. She said no one agreed to go with her and she was totally dependent on Allah Almighty who was her Defender and Protector; only He would protect her. ’Uthman bin Talhah ’Abdari took the bridle of the camel and said he would help her in reaching destination.

Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها said that such a decent, pure-hearted man, with not a trace of evil in him would be difficult to find. Whenever they reached a camping site he would tie the camel to a tree and move far away to lie down and rest. So she also had some privacy and could rest at ease, relaxed with her children. When it was time to resume the journey he would bring the camel and make it sit down. Once she got on the camel’s back with her children, he would take the bridle in his hand and start walking. After several days they reached Quba which is in the environs of Al-Madinah. Banu ’Amr bin ’Auf were settled there; he said that since Abu Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها was also there he could leave her and return. Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها says in her book that his gentle, manly behavior and his goodness affected her deeply. When she finally saw her family after so long her joy knew no bounds. So this divided family once again was at peace and the children had the benefit of a good upbringing that only united and happy parents can provide.

Abu Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنه took part in the Battle of Badr and once again had the honor of fighting for Islam in the Battle of Uhud. But in this last mentioned battle Abu Osamah Jashmi wounded him seriously in the side with his spear. He underwent treatment for a month but to no avail. The wound apparently healed, but that was only on the surface, and it continued to fester inside. Barely two months after the battle of Uhud the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم received news that Banu Asad was planning to attack the Muslims. He ordered his men to prepare for battle, and made Abu Salamah رضى اللّهُ عنه the Commander of the Islamic
forces. This, inspite of the fact that worthy and experienced heroes like Abu ’Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah and Sa’d bin Abi Waqas رضي اللّهُ عنهما were present. When the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم gave the army flag to Abu Salamah رضى اللّهُ عنه he outlined the strategy to be adopted. He told him to reach the territory of Banu Asad and camp there, then attack them before they had a chance to do so. Abu Salamah رضى اللّهُ عنه obeyed the Prophet’s orders and with his band of a hundred and fifty men he suddenly swooped down on the Banu Asad immediately after crossing their border. The clang of swords and the battle cries of the warring Mujahideen, who had sworn to win or die in the attempt, challenged Banu Asad who had been
taken unaware. This was a very crucial battle for Islam, as it would be a compensation for the defeat at Uhud. A decisive victory was essential to impress the tribes in the surrounding territories. So every Mujahid played on his life to fight and win. Abu Salamah رضى اللّهُ عنه forgot his grievously wounded side and fought valiantly; he moved like lightning and the enemies fell under his sword. But his wound had only healed on the surface and it started bleeding. The battle was won, and Banu Asad was crushed. The
Muslims got the rich spoils of a war well fought.

 After twenty-nine days on the 8 of Safar in the year 4th after Hijrah, the army re-entered Al-Madinah. But Abu Salamah رضى اللّهُ عنه was totally spent. When Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها saw his grievous injuries she became extremely worried. Abu Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنه was lying in a very serious condition when the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم came to visit him. He realized that he was approaching death, and patting his hand consoled him. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم prayed for him and Abu Salamah رضى اللّهُ عنه also prayed and asked Allah to give his family a protector and provider like him. And he also asked Him to give Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها a husband who would give her neither sorrow nor hardship.

After this prayer he passed away. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم closed his eyes with his hands. Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها often thought of her husband’s last prayer for her and wondered who could possibly be better than Abu Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنه. She asked the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم what she should ask Allah for herself. He taught her to pray for forgiveness both for herself and for Abu Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنه and ask Allah to give her a better future. Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها says that she prayed thus and Allah جلّ جلاله granted her prayer. When she finished the prescribed period of waiting, Abu Bakr Siddique رضى اللّهُ عنه sent a proposal of marriage to her, but she refused. Then ’Umar bin Khattab رضى اللّهُ عنه proposed and she refused him as well. Then the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم proposed. She told him that she had three reservations regarding his proposal. She was hot-headed and had a temper; she felt she might be rude to the Prophet of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم, and thus lose the reward for all her good deeds. Secondly, she was an elderly lady; thirdly, she had many children. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم answered that he would pray to Allah, and Allah جلّ جلاله willing, her temper would subside. As far as age was concerned, he was also an elderly man. Thirdly, as far as her children were concerned - that was the precise reason for proposing to her - he wished to be their guardian and share the responsibility.

She writes that this answer gave her great happiness and thus she attained the honor of becoming part of the Prophet’s household. Thus Allah granted both hers and Abu Salamah’s prayer, and she married the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم in the month of Shawal, in the 4th year after Hijrah.

                                                 ************************************

’Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها narrated that it was the habit of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم to visit each of his wives in turn after the ’Asr prayers. He would inquire about their welfare and if they needed anything. He would start from the apartment of Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها because she was the eldest among them, and finish his rounds at the apartment of ’Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها.

Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها, because of her beauty, knowledge and wisdom held an eminent position. After the truce of Hudaibiah, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم ordered his Companions to sacrifice the animals they brought along for the purpose, and shave their heads. But they all seemed reluctant and did not rise to obey his command. When Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها saw the situation she suggested that he should not speak about the subject to anyone, but just go out from the tent and offer the sacrifice and shave his head. Then he could see the effect of his action. And what she expected happened - all the Companions followed suit.

Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها was a very astute and wise lady. She was educated and was very devoted to the welfare of the destitute and needy. Several of the Ayat of the Noble Qur’an were revealed to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم when he was in her apartment. For instance, Ayat in Surat Al-Ahzab:

"And Allah only wishes to remove evil deeds from you, O members of the family (of the Prophet), and to purify you with a thorough purification." (33:33)

Also some of the Ayat of Sural At-Tawbah were revealed while he was with her:
 
"And (there are) others who have acknowledged their sins, they have mixed a deed that was righteous with another that was evil. Perhaps Allah will turn unto them in forgiveness. Surely, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (9:102)


He also said:

"And (He forgave) the three who did not join till for them the earth, vast as it is, was straitened and their ownselves were straitened to them, and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah, and no refuge but with Him. Then He forgave them that they might beg for His pardon. Verily, Allah is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful." (9:118)

This Ayah refers to the turning towards Allah جلّ جلاله of Ka’b bin Malik, Hilal bin Umayyah and Mararah bin Ar-Rabi’ in sincere repentance. These three Companions, without any valid reason, avoided joining the Muslim army in the Battle of Tabuk. They were therefore ostracized by the Prophet and the rest of the Companions. They were so stricken by guilt that they kept praying for Divine Forgiveness, until finally Allah جلّ جلاله granted it to them. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم was sleeping in the apartment of Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها when this last Ayah was revealed to him. He woke up in the late hours of the night and told her that the supplications for forgiveness of these three Companions had been accepted. She asked him if this good news should be conveyed to them immediately. He said they should not be disturbed so late at night; after the Fajr prayers he sent for them and congratulated them. They were overjoyed and so were all the other Companions.

                                                 ************************************

Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها also had the distinction of taking part in many battles of significance in the history of Islam. She was with the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم during the Battles Bani Mustalaq, Ta’if, Khaibar, Hunain and the conquest of Makkah. She was present at the signing of the historic treaty of Hudaibiah or Ridhwan the oath of allegiance taken place. Salman Farsi رضى اللّهُ عنه narrates that someone mentioned to him that the Angel Jibril had come down from the Heavens and was in conversation with the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. When he went there he saw that the person with the Prophet was Dahiyyah Kalbi, and that Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها was also present. When conversation ended, the Prophe صلى الله عليه و سلم asked if they knew who that gentleman was. She said he was one of his most faithful followers, Dahiyyah Kalbi. Thereupon the Prophet told her, smiling, that it was actually the Angel Jibril in human guise.

Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها was very learned in religious matters. She knew three hundred and eighty-seven Ahadith of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم by heart. She knew very well the finer points of Islamic law about foster relations through suckling and divorce. ’Abdullah bin’ Abbas رضي اللّهُ عنهما used to consult with her for many points of Shari’ah, (Islamic law). Leading the list of names of Companions whose judgments on points of law were regarded as valid is the name of Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها.
 
The following is the list of Companions who were known for their ability to give legal verdicts:

1. Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها
2. Anas bin Malik رضي اللّهُ عنه
3. Abu Sa’eed Khudri رضي اللّهُ عنه
4. Abu Hurairah رضي اللّهُ عنه
5. ’Uthman bin ’ Affan رضي اللّهُ عنه
6. ’Abdullah bin ’Amr bin ’Aas رضي اللّهُ عنه
7. ’Abdullah bin Zubair رضي اللّهُ عنه
8. Abu Musa Ash’ari رضي اللّهُ عنه
9. Sa’d bin Abi Waqas رضي اللّهُ عنه
10. Salman Farsi رضي اللّهُ عنه
11. Jabir bin ’Abdullah رضي اللّهُ عنه
12. Mu`ath bin Jabal رضي اللّهُ عنه
13. Abu Bakr Siddique رضي اللّهُ عنه
14. Talhah bin ’Obaidullah رضي اللّهُ عنه
15. Zubair bin ’Awam رضي اللّهُ عنه
16. ’Abdur-Rahman bin ’Auf رضي اللّهُ عنه
17. ’Imran bin Husain رضي اللّهُ عنه
18. ’Obadah bin Samit رضي اللّهُ عنه
19. Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufyan رضي اللّهُ عنه

Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها had hardly any equal in mastery over language. When she spoke her words and phrases were well chosen and exactly appropriate for the expression of ideas. Her written language was suited for literary expression. Many Companions and followers have noted down traditions attributed to her.

She lived to the ripe old age of eighty-four and died in the year 62 after Hijrah. She lived to see the rule Khulafa’ Ar- Rashideen. Zainab bint Jahash رضي اللّهُ عنها  was the first among the Mothers of the Believers to pass away and Umm Salamah رضي اللّهُ عنها  the last. This was during the rule of Yazid bin Mu’awiyah and she was laid to rest beside the other wives of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم in Jannatul Baqi’.

"O the one in (complete) rest and satisfaction! Come back to your Lord - well pleased and well pleasing. Enter you then, among My (honored) servants, and enter you My Paradise." (Al Fajr 27-30)


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And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Qur'an (2:186)
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« Reply #23 on: May 04, 2011, 06:10:27 PM »

SubhanAllah
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UmmOmar
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« Reply #24 on: June 26, 2011, 06:22:41 AM »

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

                                                      Zaynab bint Jahash (رضي اللّهُ عنها)

One    day  Allah's  Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said   to   the mother of the  believers,

"Among  you   she     would  meet  me   first  In Hereafter whose  hands would be long." Amongst the  mother of the  believers, "Zainab  was the   first lady   who died  first, and  she  became the  guest of Paradise."

Zainab  would often give charity. Generosity is referred to long hands.


She   was   the daughter  of Umaimah  bint  'Abdul   Muttalib  bin Hashim (رضي اللّهُ عنها),  who  was  the Messenger  of Allah's paternal aunt. Her brother  was  the  distinguished general, 'Abdullah bin Jahash رضي اللّهُ عنه.  Another  brother  was  a noted author of religious poetry, Abu Ahmad bin Jahash رضي اللّهُ عنه. Her  sister  was another  famous   woman Companion Hamnah   bint  Jahash رضي اللّهُ عنها. Her paternal  uncles were the 'Leader of the Martyrs'   Hamzah  bin  'Abdul   Muttalib رضي اللّهُ عنه , and  'Abbas  bin 'Abdul Muttalib  رضي اللّهُ عنه who was renowned  for his works of charity. Her paternal aunt was Safiyyah bint 'Abdul Muttalib bin Hashim رضي اللّهُ عنها

Known  for her  generosity   and sympathy for the needy, sobriety and abstinence  and  devotion  in prayer, she was first married  to Zaid bin Harithah,  the adopted  son of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم). After her divorce she was married  to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) at  the express command  of Allah, in order to destroy  the barbaric  custom  of giving the same status  to adopted children  as  to  their own flesh and blood. At the banquet  given at her wedding  the Ayah of Hijab was revealed.

She was  an  innately good woman who used to devote a great deal of her  time  to prayer  and  fasting.  On her death she left a house which was bought  by  Waleed  bin 'Abdul  Malik for fifty thousand Dirhams and  included  by  him  in the precincts of the Prophet's  Mosque at Al­ Madinah.  The  Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم told  'Umar  bin  Khattab رضي اللّهُ عنه   that she was a God  fearing  woman,  hospitable,  modest.  She  was  so generous and soft-hearted   that  the  poor  and   distressed of the city broke into tears when   they heard  they lost their benefactress and patron. She was also one of the fortunate who the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said would go to Paradise.

She was born about thirty years before the Hijrah of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم). She was influenced  by  the teachings  of  her  brother,  'Abdullah bin Jahash,  to convert  to Islam. Beautiful, intelligent, wise and of noble birth she was the envy of many.

The  increasing  popularity and  influence  of Islam roused a towering rage among the Quraish; the new converts  faced  indescribable tortures. Some  were  made  to lie on  beds of coal, while others were  dragged naked  across  the  burning desert   sands. Still others were  wrapped up in straw  mats and strung over smoke, to suffocate them  and   stop them from breathing. Everyday  saw new methods  of the  art  of  torturing  these  people  who  had  sworn  allegiance  to Allah. The  sole  purpose  was  that they should give up the belief and practices  of  Islam.  Makkah  became  too small to hold both them and the Quraish.  The  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) exhorted his followers and friends to be patient  and  brave,  but finally he gave them orders to migrate; first to Abyssiniah and then to  Al-Madinah. Under  the  leadership   of 'Abdullah  bin  Jahash رضي اللّهُ عنه  the Jahash  family set  out.  The  caravan included   the blind  poet  Ahmad   bin Jahash رضي اللّهُ عنه who was admired  for his  linguistic  mastery.  He  wrote  an  epic poem depicting in detail the tortures  inflicted  by  the Quraish,  the  reasons  for migration and the heroic deeds of the   Muslims.  This   poem  is considered  to be a masterpiece  of Arabic literature.

Muhammad bin  'Abdullah bin Jahash,  Zainab bint Jahash, Hamnah hint   Jahash   who   was   the wife  of Mus'ab  bin  'Omair  and  Umm Habibah  bint  Jahash, wife of'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf  رضي اللّهُ عنهم were all companions  on  this  journey. Since  all the members of the family left, their  house was lying  vacant.   Taking  advantage   of   this opportunity, Abu  Sufyan,  the leader  of the Quraish occupied it. The very  house   in which people used to pray to Allah and read the Noble Qur'an, was now in the possession of idolaters.

'Abdullah bin  Jahash  رضي اللّهُ عنه was upset to hear this and on tne occasion of the  conquest of Makkah, he spoke to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم). When he saw this ardent follower   in  such   distress, he  asked   him   if he would not prefer  to have a far better house in Paradise. Of course, 'Abdullah replied,   he  would  much  rather  have  a  house  in  Paradise.   Upon which  the  Prophet consoled  him  saying   he did, indeed,  have a better home there.

Time  passed  peacefully in Al-Madinah, and the ties between  the immigrants  and the Ansar,  the original  inhabitants   created an atmosphere  of   brotherly  love and  affection.  It seemed  they  were members  of one  united family. The best individual  in the society was neither  master nor  slave,  neither  man  nor  woman,  neither rich nor poor, but a God-fearing person of good character and morals.

In  the context  of such an ideal society the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) suggested to his cousin  Zainab  that he  had  decided  to get her engaged  to Zaid bin Harithah, his adopted son and a freed slave. When Zainab heard this she  was  stunned; she  told him that she was from a noble family and  she  was  neither keen nor willing to marry a freed slave. She was doubtful   if they could get along with each other. He answered  that he had  chosen  Zaid   for her and she should accept him. Before Zainab could   answer  him,  an  Ayah was  revealed   to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم). This was Ayah of Surat Al-Ahzab,

"lt is not  for a  believer,  man  or woman, when Allah and His Messenger  have  decreed  a  matter that  they  should have any option in their decision. And whoever disbelieves in Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed into a plane error." (33:36)


Thus  Zainab  and Zaid were married, but separated as they were of  totally  different  social  backgrounds, they  were never happy, and their marital life was far from peaceful.

Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها was biased  and from the very beginning the relations were always  strained.  Zaid felt  that  the  respect and importance that husband should get from his   wife   was   never given to  him. Disappointed  in  his  marriage, he went to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and told him that he  was very upset as he and Zainab seemed  
totally incompatible. The   advice  that he received  from his mentor, Allah incorporated in the Noble Qur'an,

"Keep  your wife to yourself,  and fear Allah." (33:37)

But  in  spite  of  all the best efforts the marriage did not work out, an finally he divorced Zainab.

Arabs    thought  it   was  wrong for  a  man  to  marry   the  widow divorcee of  his  adopted son. Allah عَزّ وَ جلّ wanted to abolish  this uncivilized custom, so  He  sent  the Angel Jibril to tell the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) in secret that Zainab  would one day be his wife. He was very distressed as it was against  the  accepted  norm   of behavior. He feared social censure and was   very   ashamed   and  embarrassed  at  the  implications. But  the decision  had  been  made  in  the  heavens by  Allah عَزّ وَ جلّ and  soon he received  the revelation,

"And  (remember) when  you said  to him (Zaid bin Harithah) on  whom   Allah  has  bestowed grace (by guiding him to Islam) and you  have done favour (by manumitting him): "Keep  your wife  to  yourself,  and   fear  Allah." But you hid in yourself  that which   Allah  will  make  manifest,  you did fear the people (i.e., their  saying that  Muhammad  married  the divorced wife of his manumitted slave) whereas Allah had a better  right that you should  fear  Him. So when Zaid had accomplished his desire from her (i.e. divorced her), We gave her to you in marriage, so that there may be no difficulty  to the believers  in respect  of (the marriage of)  the  wives  of  their  adopted  sons when  the latter have  no  desire to  keep   them. And  Allah's Command must  be fulfilled." (33:37)

When  Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها completed  her period  of waiting, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) sent her  a  proposal  through Zaid  bin  Harithah رضي اللّهُ عنه. When he went to her she  was  kneading dough; keeping his back turned  to her, he gave her the  Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و سلم) message, that   he wanted her to join the select group the   Mothers of the believers.    

She   said   she   could    not   answer immediately, but would  have to consult  her Creator. She began praying to  Allah for guidance. She was still in the middle of her prayer, when the  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) received   a  revelation that  the marriage had alread been performed in the Heavens by  Allah عَزّ وَ جلّ Himself. After  this Heavenly  order,    the    Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) immediately  went   to  Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها without  observing any  of  the  formalities that  were  observed with acquaintances and  friends.  He did not inform her in advance nor did ask  for  permission.

There  are  some  exceptional  points   to  be noted regarding this marriage.

• Only  the order  of the Qur'an was based  as a guardian or a witness.

• It abolished a  barbaric  custom   that   equated a blood  relationship with  an  adoptive one;  in  which   the  father  could   not  marry   an adopted son's ex-wife or widow.

• Zainab used to say  very  proudly to the  other Mother of the Believers  that   her marriage had been performed not by her family but by Allah عَزّ وَ جلّ above  the Heavens with His beloved  Prophet.

• When  the  hypocrites criticized   the  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) for  this marriage Allah عَزّ وَ جلّ replied,

"There is no blame on the Prophet  in that which Allah has made legal  for  him.  That   has been Allah's way  with  those who  have passed   away  of  (the  Prophets of)  old.  And   the Command of Allah  is a decree determined. Those who convey  the Message of Allah  and fear Him, and  fear none save  Allah. And Sufficient  is Allah as a Reckoner." (33:38-39)

And   to clarify  the  finer  points  still  further he revealed Ayat  which again are part of Surat Al-Ahzab,

"Muhammad is not the father of any of your  men, but he is the Messenger of  Allah and the last of the Prophets. And Allah is Ever All-Aware  of everything." (33:40)

On  this  occasion  Allah عَزّ وَ جلّ  revealed   the  order   clarifying the position  of adopted sons as,

"Nor  has he made  your adopted sons your  real sons. That  is but your  saying  with your  mouths. But Allah says  the truth, and  He guides to the (Right) Way. Call them (the adopted sons)  by (the names of) their fathers,  that is more just with Allah." (33:4-5)

On  the  occasion  of this wedding Allah عَزّ وَ جلّ revealed revelation regarding Hijab  and  also  made  it clear  that  no  man  could  marry  any  of the Mothers  of  the  Believers after  the  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم).
 
These two commands were revealed in Ayat of the same Surah,

"0 you  who  believe'  Enter  not  the  Prophet's  houses, unless permission  is given  to  you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as)  to wait  for its preparation. But when you are invited, enter, and  when  you  have   taken your meal, disperse without sitting for  a  talk.  Verily, such (behaviour) annoys the Prophet, and he is shy  of (asking)  you  (to go); but  Allah is not shy of (telling you)  the  truth. And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want,  ask  them  from  behind  a screen  that  is  purer  for your hearts   and for their hearts. And it is not (right) for you that you should annoy  Allah's  Messenger,  nor  that  you  should  ever marry  his wives  after  him  (his  death). Verily, with Allah that shall be an enormity." (33:53)


`Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها says that in terms of values and position, Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها was her equal.  She said she had never seen any other person who was so eager to get  closer  to Allah. To gain  nearness  to Him  she  was  more charitable  than  most,  and  her  generous  behavior with relatives was impeccable.  When  `Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها was wrongfully   accused, the whole Al-Madinah   was  polluted  with taunts and filthy talk; in fact even the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) was  disturbed. The  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) asked Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها what her opinion  was of 'Aishah. The noble character of this lady is revealed in  her answer; she promptly said she did not wish to be involved, and did not want to defile and taint her ears, her eyes and her tongue with such terrible accusations.  Swearing by Allah she  said, she  found `Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها  to be a truly God-fearing lady of exemplary character. She found  in  her  the  most  wonderful traits  of integrity,  sincerity  and honesty.  She said  she had not seen in her anything but goodness and virtue. `Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها narrated  that  Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها very easily  have  taken advantage of  the situation  and passed derogatory  remarks about her for after all, in a sense  they  were  rivals. `Aishah رضي اللّهُ عنها says she never forgot  the  fact that she stood by her at the worst time in her life when almost the whole world had turned against her.

On one occasion Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها called Safiyyah رضي اللّهُ عنها a Jewess and  this deeply distressed  the  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم). In  fact he  was  so  upset that he stopped talking  to  her.  Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها felt guilty and  realized  that she committed a grave mistake  and  offended   the  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم).  Finally  she  requested 'Aishah  رضي اللّهُ عنها to advocate her  case  with  him   and  tell him  that she was sincerely   repentant; she  was  the  only  one   who could  talk to him in such a direct manner. When  the  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) visited  'Aishah she looked for an opportune  moment  and brought up the  subject pleading the case for Zainab. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) forgave and  family life returned to normal  in the household.

When  Zainab passed away 'Aishah recalled an occasion  when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said that among the Mother  of the Believers, she would meet him first who had the   longest  arms.  Zainab was  short compared  to  the  others  and naturally her arms were also shorter. All the  ladies  took  this  statement literally  and  started  measuring their arms.  It was only upon  the death  of Zainab that they realized  what this  meant.   It  really meant  that the person with the longest  arms was the  most  generous or  liberal  person,   who  only   thought of how she could  benefit others. There was an implicit  prophesy in this statement which became clear when Zainab passed away.  It meant  she would meet  him  in  Paradise   before the others. And she passed  away  before any  of  the  other  wives  of  the   Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) 'Aishah  says Zainab worked   with  her  own   hands, and  what she thus earned she spent on works of charity. She  says  she  was  a God-fearing, straight-forward lady   who practiced  abstinence. All her actions were aimed  at pleasing Allah. Sometimes she could  lose her temper, but then she was quick to  repent   and  ask  for  forgiveness. She  was  very   pure  at heart and never carried  resentments and grudges.

The  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) had a very organized routine. After the 'Asr prayers he would   visit the different apartments to inquire about  the well being of the ladies  of  his   household. He was always  very just in the attention he  paid   to  them  and   the  amount of time he spent with each one them. Once  Zainab  received some  special   honey   from a relative and  it so  happened  that   this was the Prophet's favourite. Whenever she   offered   it   to   him  he  would   spend some   time longer   in  her apartment as it took time to really flavor and enjoy it. The other wives felt  impatient and restless waiting for their turn with him. So 'Aisha, Saudah, and Hafsah worked out a plan. Each of them would tell  him  that  there  was  a peculiar  smell  in  his mouth. And if all of them  said  the same thing he would certainly believe them and realize that  the  only  thing  which  could  have  given  him bad breath would have  been  the honey  he just had. Since he was very concerned about personal   hygiene,   he   would  definitely stop  eating  the  honey. Of course  the three Mothers of the Believers did what they did, not out of spite,  but  because  they  loved  him  and wanted him to come to them sooner.  In fact Allah has  Himself  spoken of them in the highest terms of respect in the Qur'an.

"0 wives of the Prophet(صلى الله عليه و سلم)! you are not like any other women." (33:32)

And  it  happened as they planned; the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) developed a distaste for  honey  and  decided  he  would never eat it again. In the case of ordinary human  being  this may  not  have  been  a  problem. But the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) was  swearing not to have something  that actually was not forbidden by  Allah; this  could  lead  to any  follower of his also forswearing something not forbidden by Allah.

So Allah  rebuked him,

"0 Prophet!  Why do you forbid (for yourself) that which Allah has  allowed  to you, seeking to please your wives? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (66:1)

As a  result the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) broke the oath he had taken and performed the penance for this in accordance with the injunctions of Allah عَزّ وَ جلّ.


Zainab رضي اللّهُ عنها  made a  little  mosque in a corner of her house and used to spend  a  lot of  time  there  in  prayer   and meditation. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) would also  pray  there  sometimes.  She  believed  strongly  in  asking Allah عَزّ وَ جلّ for  counsel through prayer and supplication, before taking any action.  All her life's  major  decisions  were   made in this way. In fact even when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) proposed she turned  to prayer for guidance.

This  righteous  lady  died  during   the caliphate of 'Umar  Farooq رضى اللّهُ عنه at the age of fifty-three.  When she  realized  she was about  to meet her Creatorr, she  told  the  people  around  her   that she already  prepared shroud  for  herself. If 'Umar Farooq رضى اللّهُ عنه sent one for her, one should be used  and the other given away in charity. She was such a modest lady that  a curtain  was  drawn  in  front  of her dead body, even though it was wrapped in a shroud.

'Umar  Farooqرضى اللّهُ عنه  led  the  funeral prayers and all her close relatives - Osamah  bin Zaid,  Muhammad  bin 'Abdullah bin Jahash, 'Abdullah bin  Abi Ahmad bin Jahash and Muhammad  bin Talhah bin 'Abdullah ضي اللّهُ عنهم - got down into the grave to lower her gently into her final resting place in Jannatul Baqi'.

"0 the  one  in  (complete)  rest  and  satisfaction! Come back to your  Lord - well  pleased  and  well  pleasing.   Enter you then among My (honored) servants, and enter you My Paradise." (89:27-30)
« Last Edit: June 26, 2011, 06:24:28 AM by tasneem » Logged

And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Qur'an (2:186)
viqaruddin
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« Reply #25 on: July 12, 2011, 11:43:44 AM »

  ASIYA (ra)



Asiya (ra) was the wife of Fir’aun and is a shining example for all Muslim women today. She is a live example for the believing women as she openly/publicly attacked the taghout regime and its leader, this leader being no other that her own husband Fir’aun.



She is an excellent example of how a woman should be and anybody wanting to seek guidance as to the role of a woman should look to this exemplary character to understand what a god-conscious woman she was and how much she understood the deen. She always sought to be close to her Creator, Allah (swt). During her life with Fir’aun, which was bordered with suffering at his hands, not once did she pray to Allah (swt) for a better husband, rather she asked for forgiveness and for a house in paradise to be the neighbour of her Lord, Allah (swt).



It is known in Islam by necessity that a woman should obey her husband and is sinful if she doesn’t as long as he doesn’t contradict the Shari’ah. Yet Asiya (ra), because of the kufr of her husband publicly declared her disobedience to him for the sake of Allah (swt), despite the fact that she had a life of luxury in his palace with servants at her beckoned call. Her inner imaan manifested in her actions as she left the palace of her taghout husband a she knew he was a murtad (apostate) thus no longer lawful for her. A great wife who sought Allah (swt) alone in Jannah and openly declared this to her husband. She said, “I am not going to accept to live with you, O enemy of Allah! I am free fro what you are and what you did before and what you are doing now. I reject you and I want to kill you and have animosity towards you.”



He warned her to stop and threatened her with punishment to which she replied, “I don’t want anything to you,” She was arrested and tortured for three days, her entire body was burnt yet she kept her faith and declared, “I reject you.”



Where is the wife today who calls her husband to the deen, who wants her husband to be a tiger of tawheed and not a mushrik/munafiq/kafir like Fir’aun? Asiya (ra) was killed by her husband yet maintained her wala and bara. Where are the Mu’mina today who wont allow there husbands to join the kufr camp like the MCB, labour or the British army? Where is the Muslimah who will tell her husband it is kufr akbar to vote and to associate with the taghout regimes of today. Where are the women like Asiya (ra) who are prepared to leave those tyrant husbands who don’t even pray salah, never mind those who arbitrate to the taghout and ally with the kuffaar?



The Mu’mina doesn’t only think of her family but also has a duty to the ummah of Muhammad (saw) as she raises and nurtures the future generations as mujahids and muwahhids, she is the one who encourages her husband to fight for the sake of Allah (swt) and encourages her husband as he engages in dawah and jihad in order to eradicate kufr.



We should remember our duty to Allah (swt) and look to the example of Asiya (ra) who rejected her husbands apostasy and rose against the taghout of the time and publicly and openly declared her animosity to him. We must follow the example of Asiya (ra), we must remember our tawheed and our wala and bara and remember that our living, dying and sacrifice are all for the sake of Allah (swt) alone.

Adopted from salafimedia.com
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The final & the most important journey of a man begins with his One leg wrapped to the other leg (in the death shroud) {waltafatul saaqu bil saaq}...the only thing that takes him forward to the blissfull destination are his GOOD DEEDS.....are we ready for it?
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« Reply #26 on: August 07, 2011, 03:42:30 PM »

MASHAALLAH!!!! hope every woman can be as exceptional and as excellent as them AAMEEN..
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mabdullah
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« Reply #27 on: December 08, 2011, 12:16:48 PM »

Fatimah bint Muhammad  رضي اللّهُ عنه   



Fatimah was the fifth child of Muhammad and Khadijah. She was born at a time when her noble father had begun to spend long periods in the solitude of mountains around Makkah, meditating and reflecting on the great mysteries of creation.
This was the time, before the Bithah, when her eldest sister Zaynab was married to her cousin, al-Aas ibn ar Rabiah. Then followed the marriage of her two other sisters, Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthum, to the sons of Abu Lahab, a paternal uncle of the Prophet. Both Abu Lahab and his wife Umm Jamil turned out to be flaming enemies of the Prophet from the very beginning of his public mission.

The little Fatimah thus saw her sisters leave home one after the other to live with their husbands. She was too young to understand the meaning of marriage and the reasons why her sisters had to leave home. She loved them dearly and was sad and lonely when they left. It is said that a certain silence and painful sadness came over her then.

Of course, even after the marriage of her sisters, she was not alone in the house of her parents. Barakah, the maid-servant of Aminah, the Prophet's mother, who had been with the Prophet since his birth, Zayd ibn Harithah, and Ali, the young son of Abu Talib were all part of Muhammad's household at this time. And of course there was her loving mother, the lady Khadijah.
In her mother and in Barakah, Fatimah found a great deal of solace and comfort. in Ali, who was about two years older than she, she found a "brother" and a friend who somehow took the place of her own brother al-Qasim who had died in his infancy. Her other brother Abdullah, known as the Good and the Pure, who was born after her, also died in his infancy. However in none of the people in her father's household did Fatimah find the carefree joy and happiness which she enjoyed with her sisters. She was an unusually sensitive child for her age.

When she was five, she heard that her father had become Rasul Allah, the Messenger of God. His first task was to convey the good news of Islam to his family and close relations. They were to worship God Almighty alone. Her mother, who was a tower of strength and support, explained to Fatimah what her father had to do. From this time on, she became more closely attached to him and felt a deep and abiding love for him. Often she would be at Iris side walking through the narrow streets and alleys of Makkah, visiting the Kabah or attending secret gatherings off, the early Muslims who had accepted Islam and pledged allegiance to the Prophet.

One day, when she was not yet ten, she accompanied her father to the Masjid al-Haram. He stood in the place known as al-Hijr facing the Kabah and began to pray. Fatimah stood at his side. A group of Quraysh, by no means well-disposed to the Prophet, gathered about him. They included Abu Jahl ibn Hisham, the Prophet's uncle, Uqbah ibn Abi Muayt, Umayyah ibn Khalaf, and Shaybah and Utbah, sons of Rabi'ah. Menacingly, the group went up to the Prophet and Abu Jahl, the ringleader, asked:

"Which of you can bring the entrails of a slaughtered animal and throw it on Muhammad?"
Uqbah ibn Abi Muayt, one of the vilest of the lot, volunteered and hurried off. He returned with the obnoxious filth and threw it on the shoulders of the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, while he was still prostrating. Abdullah ibn Masud, a companion of the Prophet, was present but he was powerless to do or say anything.
Imagine the feelings of Fatimah as she saw her father being treated in this fashion. What could she, a girl not ten years old, do? She went up to her father and removed the offensive matter and then stood firmly and angrily before the group of Quraysh thugs and lashed out against them. Not a single word did they say to her. The noble Prophet raised his head on completion of the prostration and went on to complete the Salat. He then said: "O Lord, may you punish the Quraysh!" and repeated this imprecation three times. Then he continued:

"May You punish Utbah, Uqbah, Abu Jahl and Shaybah." (These whom he named were all killed many years later at the Battle of Badr)

On another occasion, Fatimah was with the Prophet as he made; tawaf around the Kabah. A Quraysh mob gathered around him. They seized him and tried to strangle him with his own clothes. Fatimah screamed and shouted for help. Abu Bakr rushed to the scene and managed to free the Prophet. While he was doing so, he pleaded: "Would you kill a man who says, 'My Lord is God?'" Far from giving up, the mob turned on Abu Bakr and began beating him until blood flowed from his head and face.
Such scenes of vicious opposition and harassment against her father and the early Muslims were witnessed by the young Fatimah. She did not meekly stand aside but joined in the struggle in defence of her father and his noble mission. She was still a young girl and instead of the cheerful romping, the gaiety and liveliness which children of her age are and should normally be accustomed to, Fatimah had to witness and participate in such ordeals.

Of course, she was not alone in this. The whole of the Prophet's family suffered from the violent and mindless Quraysh. Her sisters, Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthum also suffered. They were living at this time in the very nest of hatred and intrigue against the Prophet. Their husbands were Utbah and Utaybah, sons of Abu Lahab and Umm Jamil. Umm Jamil was known to be a hard and harsh woman who had a sharp and evil tongue. It was mainly because of her that Khadijah was not pleased with the marriages of her daughters to Umm Jamil's sons in the first place. It must have been painful for Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthum to be living in the household of such inveterate enemies who not only joined but led the campaign against theft father.
As a mark of disgrace to Muhammad and his family, Utbah and Utaybah were prevailed upon by their parents to divorce their wives. This was part of the process of ostracizing the Prophet totally. The Prophet in fact welcomed his daughters back to his home with joy, happiness and relief.

Fatimah, no doubt, must have been happy to be with her sisters once again. They all wished that their eldest sister, Zaynab, would also be divorced by her husband. In fact, the Quraysh brought pressure on Abu-l Aas to do so but he refused. When the Quraysh leaders came up to him and promised him the richest and most beautiful woman as a wife should he divorce Zaynab, he replied:

"I love my wife deeply and passionately and I have a great and high esteem for her father even though I have not entered the religion of Islam."

Both Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthum were happy to be back with their loving parents and to be rid of the unbearable mental torture to which they had been subjected in the house of Umm Jamil. Shortly afterwards, Ruqayyah married again, to the young and shy Uthman ibn Allan who was among the first to have accepted Islam. They both left for Abyssinia among the first muhajirin who sought refuge in that land and stayed there for several years. Fatimah was not to see Ruqayyah again until after their mother had died.

The persecution of the Prophet, his family and his followers continued and even became worse after the migration of the first Muslims to Abyssinia. In about the seventh year of his mission, the Prophet and his family were forced to leave their homes and seek refuge in a rugged little valley enclosed by hills on all sides and defile, which could only be entered from Makkah by a narrow path.

To this arid valley, Muhammad and the clans of Banu Hashim and al-Muttalib were forced to retire with limited supplies of food. Fatimah was one of the youngest members of the clans -just about twelve years old - and had to undergo months of hardship and suffering. The wailing of hungry children and women in the valley could be heard from Makkah. The Quraysh allowed no food and contact with the Muslims whose hardship was only relieved somewhat during the season of pilgrimage. The boycott lasted for three years. When it was lifted, the Prophet had to face even more trials and difficulties. Khadijah, the faithful and loving, died shortly afterwards. With her death, the Prophet and his family lost one of the greatest sources of comfort and strength which had sustained them through the difficult period. The year in which the noble Khadijah, and later Abu Talib, died is known as the Year of Sadness. Fatimah, now a young lady, was greatly distressed by her mother's death. She wept bitterly and for some time was so grief-striken that her health deteriorated. It was even feared she might die of grief.

Although her older sister, Umm Kulthum, stayed in the same household, Fatimah realized that she now had a greater responsibility with the passing away of her mother. She felt that she had to give even greater support to her father. With loving tenderness, she devoted herself to looking after his needs. So concerned was she for his welfare that she came to be called "Umm Abi-ha the mother of her father". She also provided him with solace and comfort during times of trial, difficulty and crisis.
Often the trials were too much for her. Once, about this time, an insolent mob heaped dust and earth upon his gracious head. As he entered his home, Fatimah wept profusely as she wiped the dust from her father's head.
« Last Edit: December 08, 2011, 12:20:46 PM by mabdullah » Logged
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« Reply #28 on: December 08, 2011, 12:17:50 PM »


"Do not cry, my daughter," he said, "for God shall protect your father." The Prophet had a special love for Fatimah. He once said: "Whoever pleased Fatimah has indeed pleased God and whoever has caused her to be angry has indeed angered God. Fatimah is a part of me. Whatever pleases her pleases me and whatever angers her angers me."
He also said: "The best women in all the world are four: the Virgin Mary, Aasiyaa the wife of Pharoah, Khadijah Mother of the Believers, and Fatimah, daughter of Muhammad." Fatimah thus acquired a place of love and esteem in the Prophet's heart that was only occupied by his wife Khadijah.

Fatimah, may God be pleased with her, was given the title of "az-Zahraa" which means "the Resplendent One". That was because of her beaming face which seemed to radiate light. It is said that when she stood for Prayer, the mihrab would reflect the light of her countenance. She was also called "al-Batul" because of her asceticism. Instead of spending her time in the company of women, much of her time would be spent in Salat, in reading the Quran and in other acts of ibadah.
Fatimah had a strong resemblance to her father, the Messenger of God. Aishah. the wife of the Prophet, said of her: "I have not seen any one of God's creation resemble the Messenger of God more in speech, conversation and manner of sitting than Fatimah, may God be pleased with her. When the Prophet saw her approaching, he would welcome her, stand up and kiss her, take her by the hand and sit her down in the place where he was sitting." She would do the same when the Prophet came to her. She would stand up and welcome him with joy and kiss him.

Fatimah's fine manners and gentle speech were part of her lovely and endearing personality. She was especially kind to poor and indigent folk and would often give all the food she had to those in need even if she herself remained hungry. She had no craving for the ornaments of this world nor the luxury and comforts of life. She lived simply, although on occasion as we shall see circumstances seemed to be too much and too difficult for her.

She inherited from her father a persuasive eloquence that was rooted in wisdom. When she spoke, people would often be moved to tears. She had the ability and the sincerity to stir the emotions, move people to tears and fill their hearts with praise and gratitude to God for His grace and His inestimable bounties.

Fatimah migrated to Madinah a few weeks after the Prophet did. She went with Zayd ibn Harithah who was sent by the Prophet back to Makkah to bring the rest of his family. The party included Fatimah and Umm Kulthum, Sawdah, the Prophet's wife, Zayd's wife Barakah and her son Usamah. Travelling with the group also were Abdullah the son of Abu Bakr who accompanied his mother and his sisters, Aishah and Asma.

In Madinah, Fatimah lived with her father in the simple dwelling he had built adjoining the mosque. In the second year after the Hijrah, she received proposals of marriage through her father, two of which were turned down. Then Ali, the son of Abu Talib, plucked up courage and went to the Prophet to ask for her hand in marriage. In the presence of the Prophet, however, Ali became over-awed and tongue-tied. He stared at the ground and could not say anything. The Prophet then asked: "Why have you come? Do you need something?" Ali still could not speak and then the Prophet suggested: "Perhaps you have come to propose marriage to Fatimah."

"Yes," replied Ali. At this, according to one report, the Prophet said simply: "Marhaban wa ahlan - Welcome into the family," and this was taken by Ali and a group of Ansar who were waiting outside for him as indicating the Prophet's approval. Another report indicated that the Prophet approved and went on to ask Ali if he had anything to give as mahr. Ali replied that he didn't. The Prophet reminded him that he had a shield which could be sold.

Ali sold the shield to Uthman for four hundred dirhams and as he was hurrying back to the Prophet to hand over the sum as mahr, Uthman stopped him and said:

"I am returning your shield to you as a present from me on your marriage to Fatimah." Fatimah and Ali were thus married most probably at the beginning of the second year after the Hijrah. She was about nineteen years old at the time and Ali was about twenty one. The Prophet himself performed the marriage ceremony. At the walimah. the guests were served with dates, figs and hais ( a mixture of dates and butter fat). A leading member of the Ansar donated a ram and others made offerings of grain. All Madinah rejoiced.

On her marriage. the Prophet is said to have presented Fatimah and Ali with a wooden bed intertwined with palm leaves, a velvet coverlet. a leather cushion filled with palm fibre, a sheepskin, a pot, a waterskin and a quern for grinding grain.
Fatimah left the home of her beloved father for the first time to begin life with her husband. The Prophet was clearly anxious on her account and sent Barakah with her should she be in need of any help. And no doubt Barakah was a source of comfort and solace to her. The Prophet prayed for them:

"O Lord, bless them both, bless their house and bless their offspring." In Ali's humble dwelling, there was only a sheepskin for a bed. In the morning after the wedding night, the Prophet went to Ali's house and knocked on the door.
Barakah came out and the Prophet said to her: "O Umm Ayman, call my brother for me."

"Your brother? That's the one who married your daughter?" asked Barakah somewhat incredulously as if to say: Why should the Prophet call Ali his "brother"? (He referred to Ali as his brother because just as pairs of Muslims were joined in brotherhood after the Hijrah, so the Prophet and Ali were linked as "brothers".)

The Prophet repeated what he had said in a louder voice. Ali came and the Prophet made a du'a, invoking the blessings of God on him. Then he asked for Fatimah. She came almost cringing with a mixture of awe and shyness and the Prophet said to her:
"I have married you to the dearest of my family to me." In this way, he sought to reassure her. She was not starting life with a complete stranger but with one who had grown up in the same household, who was among the first to become a Muslim at a tender age, who was known for his courage, bravery and virtue, and whom the Prophet described as his "brother in this world and the hereafter".

Fatimah's life with Ali was as simple and frugal as it was in her father's household. In fact, so far as material comforts were concerned, it was a life of hardship and deprivation. Throughout their life together, Ali remained poor because he did not set great store by material wealth. Fatimah was the only one of her sisters who was not married to a wealthy man.
In fact, it could be said that Fatimah's life with Ali was even more rigorous than life in her father's home. At least before marriage, there were always a number of ready helping hands in the Prophet's household. But now she had to cope virtually on her own. To relieve theft extreme poverty, Ali worked as a drawer and carrier of water and she as a grinder of corn. One day she said to Ali: "I have ground until my hands are blistered."

"I have drawn water until I have pains in my chest," said Ali and went on to suggest to Fatimah: "God has given your father some captives of war, so go and ask him to give you a servant."

Reluctantly, she went to the Prophet who said: "What has brought you here, my little daughter?" "I came to give you greetings of peace," she said, for in awe of him she could not bring herself to ask what she had intended.
"What did you do?" asked Ali when she returned alone.

"I was ashamed to ask him," she said. So the two of them went together but the Prophet felt they were less in need than others.
"I will not give to you," he said, "and let the Ahl as-Suffah (poor Muslims who stayed in the mosque) be tormented with hunger. I have not enough for their keep..."

Ali and Fatimah returned home feeling somewhat dejected but that night, after they had gone to bed, they heard the voice of the Prophet asking permission to enter. Welcoming him, they both rose to their feet, but he told them:
"Stay where you are," and sat down beside them. "Shall I not tell you of something better than that which you asked of me?" he asked and when they said yes he said: "Words which Jibril taught me, that you should say "Subhaan Allah- Glory be to God" ten times after every Prayer, and ten times "AI hamdu lillah - Praise be to God," and ten times "Allahu Akbar - God is Great." And that when you go to bed you should say them thirty-three times each."
« Last Edit: December 08, 2011, 12:21:40 PM by mabdullah » Logged
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« Reply #29 on: December 08, 2011, 12:18:26 PM »


Ali used to say in later years: "I have never once failed to say them since the Messenger of God taught them to us."
There are many reports of the hard and difficult times which Fatimah had to face. Often there was no food in her house. Once the Prophet was hungry. He went to one after another of his wives' apartments but there was no food. He then went to Fatimah's house and she had no food either. When he eventually got some food, he sent two loaves and a piece of meat to Fatimah. At another time, he went to the house of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari and from the food he was given, he saved some for her. Fatimah also knew that the Prophet was without food for long periods and she in turn would take food to him when she could. Once she took a piece of barley bread and he, said to her: "This is the first food your father has eaten for three days."
Through these acts of kindness she showed how much she loved her father; and he loved her, really loved her in return.
Once he returned from a journey outside Madinah. He went to the mosque first of all and prayed two rakats as was his custom. Then, as he often did, he went to Fatimah's house before going to his wives. Fatimah welcomed him and kissed his face, his mouth and his eyes and cried. "Why do you cry?" the Prophet asked. "I see you, O Rasul Allah," she said, "Your color is pale and sallow and your clothes have become worn and shabby." "O Fatimah," the Prophet replied tenderly, "don't cry for Allah has sent your father with a mission which He would cause to affect every house on the face of the earth whether it be in towns, villages or tents (in the desert) bringing either glory or humiliation until this mission is fulfilled just as night (inevitably) comes." With such comments Fatimah was often taken from the harsh realities of daily life to get a glimpse of the vast and far-reaching vistas opened up by the mission entrusted to her noble father.

Fatimah eventually returned to live in a house close to that of the Prophet. The place was donated by an Ansari who knew that the Prophet would rejoice in having his daughter as his neighbor. Together they shared in the joys and the triumphs, the sorrows and the hardships of the crowded and momentous Madinah days and years.

In the middle of the second year after the Hijrah, her sister Ruqayyah fell ill with fever and measles. This was shortly before the great campaign of Badr. Uthman, her husband, stayed by her bedside and missed the campaign. Ruqayyah died just before her father returned. On his return to Madinah, one of the first acts of the Prophet was to visit her grave.

Fatimah went with him. This was the first bereavement they had suffered within their closest family since the death of Khadijah. Fatimah was greatly distressed by the loss of her sister. The tears poured from her eyes as she sat beside her father at the edge of the grave, and he comforted her and sought to dry her tears with the corner of his cloak.

The Prophet had previously spoken against lamentations for the dead, but this had lead to a misunderstanding, and when they returned from the cemetery the voice of Umar was heard raised in anger against the women who were weeping for the martyrs of Badr and for Ruqayyah.

"Umar, let them weep," he said and then added: "What comes from the heart and from the eye, that is from God and His mercy, but what comes from the hand and from the tongue, that is from Satan." By the hand he meant the beating of breasts and the smiting of cheeks, and by the tongue he meant the loud clamor in which women often joined as a mark of public sympathy.
Uthman later married the other daughter of the Prophet, Umm Kulthum, and on this account came to be known as Dhu-n Nurayn - Possessor of the Two Lights.

The bereavement which the family suffered by the death of Ruqayyah was followed by happiness when to the great joy of all the believers Fatimah gave birth to a boy in Ramadan of the third year after the Hijrah. The Prophet spoke the words of the Adhan into the ear of the new-born babe and called him al-Hasan which means the Beautiful One.

One year later, she gave birth to another son who was
called al-Husayn, which means "little Hasan" or the little beautiful one. Fatimah would often bring her two sons to see their grandfather who was exceedingly fond of them. Later he would take them to the Mosque and they would climb onto his back when he prostrated. He did the same with his little granddaughter Umamah, the daughter of Zaynab.
In the eighth year after the Hijrah, Fatimah gave birth to a third child, a girl whom she named after her eldest sister Zaynab who had died shortly before her birth. This Zaynab was to grow up and become famous as the "Heroine of Karbala". Fatimah's fourth child was born in the year after the Hijrah. The child was also a girl and Fatimah named her Umm Kulthum after her sister who had died the year before after an illness.

It was only through Fatimah that the progeny of the Prophet was perpetuated. All the Prophet's male children had died in their infancy and the two children of Zaynab named Ali and Umamah died young. Ruqayyah's child Abdullah also died when he was not yet two years old. This is an added reason for the reverence which is accorded to Fatimah.

Although Fatimah was so often busy with pregnancies and giving birth and rearing children, she took as much part as she could in the affairs of the growing Muslim community of Madinah. Before her marriage, she acted as a sort of hostess to the poor and destitute Ahl as-Suffah. As soon as the Battle of Uhud was over, she went with other women to the battlefield and wept over the dead martyrs and took time to dress her father's wounds. At the Battle of the Ditch, she played a major supportive role together with other women in preparing food during the long and difficult siege. In her camp, she led the Muslim women in prayer and on that place there stands a mosque named Masjid Fatimah, one of seven mosques where the Muslims stood guard and performed their devotions.

Fatimah also accompanied the Prophet when he made Umrah in the sixth year after the Hijrah after the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. In the following year, she and her sister Umm Kulthum, were among the mighty throng of Muslims who took part with the Prophet in the liberation of Makkah. It is said that on this occasion, both Fatimah and Umm Kulthum visited the home of their mother Khadijah and recalled memories of their childhood and memories of jihad, of long struggles in the early years of the Prophet's mission.

In Ramadan of the tenth year just before he went on his Farewell Pilgrimage, the Prophet confided to Fatimah, as a secret not yet to be told to others:
"
Jibril recited the Quran to me and I to him once every year, but this year he has recited it with me twice. I cannot but think that my time has come."
On his return from the Farewell Pilgrimage, the Prophet did become seriously ill. His final days were spent in the apartment of his wife Aishah. When Fatimah came to visit him, Aishah would leave father and daughter together.
One day he summoned Fatimah. When she came, he kissed her and whispered some words in her ear. She wept. Then again he whispered in her ear and she smiled. Aishah saw and asked:
"You cry and you laugh at the same time, Fatimah? What did the Messenger of God say to you?" Fatimah replied:
"He first told me that he would meet his Lord after a short while and so I cried. Then he said to me: 'Don't cry for you will be the first of my household to join me.' So I laughed."

Not long afterwards the noble Prophet passed away. Fatimah was grief-striken and she would often be seen weeping profusely. One of the companions noted that he did not see Fatimah, may God be pleased with her, laugh after the death of her father.
One morning, early in the month of Ramadan, just less than five month after her noble father had passed away, Fatimah woke up looking unusually happy and full of mirth. In the afternoon of that day, it is said that she called Salma bint Umays who was looking after her. She asked for some water and had a bath. She then put on new clothes and perfumed herself. She then asked Salma to put her bed in the courtyard of the house. With her face looking to the heavens above, she asked for her husband Ali.
He was taken aback when he saw her lying in the middle of the courtyard and asked her what was wrong. She smiled and said: "I have an appointment today with the Messenger of God."

Ali cried and she tried to console him. She told him to look after their sons al-Hasan and al-Husayn and advised that she should be buried without ceremony. She gazed upwards again, then closed her eyes and surrendered her soul to the Mighty Creator.
She, Fatimah the Resplendent One, was just twenty nine years old.

 

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