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ameenlatheef
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« on: April 28, 2010, 06:20:23 AM »

Assalamu alaikum varahmathullahi vabarakathuhu

for men is mustache(whiskers) should be kept or it should be shaved?
can i have some shaheeh evidence for mustache and beard?
how did our beloved prophet Mohammad(saws) grew his mustache and his beard?
please i need shahih evidence

vassalaam
« Last Edit: August 04, 2010, 05:50:16 AM by mabdullah » Logged

By the declining day, (1) Lo! man is a state of loss, (2) Save those who believe and do good works, and exhort one another to truth and exhort one another to endurance. (3) (surah Al-Asr verses 1-3)
mabdullah
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« Reply #1 on: April 28, 2010, 12:41:44 PM »

بسم الله و الحمد لله و الصلاة والسلام على رسول الله و بعد

WalaikumAssalamu  varahmathullahi vabarakathuhu

JazakAllah khair respected sister for very important question.


Allah (Azza wa Jall) says:

إِنَّمَا كَانَ قَوۡلَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ إِذَا دُعُوٓاْ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ لِيَحۡكُمَ بَيۡنَهُمۡ أَن يَقُولُوا
ْ سَمِعۡنَا وَأَطَعۡنَا‌ۚ وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡمُفۡلِحُونَ


The only saying of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allah and His Messenger (SAW), to judge between them, is that they say: "We hear and we obey." And such are the successful. (Surah Noor-Ayat: 51)

......


Below are authentic Ahadith and Opinions of Scholars of all four Schools:


Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "Cut the moustaches short and leave the beard (as it is)."
Sahih Bukhari. Book Dress - Hadith 781 -

...

Ibn Umar said: The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Trim closely the moustache, and let the beard grow.
Sahih Muslim Book Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah) - Hadith 498 -

.................................................................................


What do the Scholar of all 4 madhabs say about the beard?

Hanafi Madhab : Ibn Abdeen rahimahullah said in "Rad al Mukhtar":
And it is forbidden (haram) for Men to cut their beards, meaning shaving it


Maliki Madhab: Ibn Abd-al-Bar rahimahullah said in al timheed:
It is forbidden (haram) to shave the beard and no one does it except the effeminate ones from the men


Shafi Madhab: Imam Shafi rahimahullah dictated in "kitab al-umm" that shaving the beard is forbidden (haram)


Hanbali Madhab: - Imam-safaarini rahimahullah said:
The relied upon opinion in the madhab is that it is forbidden to shave the beard,


The opinion of sheikh ul islam rahimahullah:
It is forbidden to shave the beard because of the saheeh hadiths (in this regard), and no one has said it is allowed (from the ulema)

taken from the book
لباس المسلمين اليوم و معه الليحه تحريم حلقها و وخوب إغفاها
تأليف أبي منذر عبد الحق بن عبد اللطيف
الحمد لله




(Madh'hab (مذهب ˈmæð.hæb) is an Arabic word which  means an Islamic school of law,
 it does NOT mean relegion or Deen)


http://thabaat.wordpress.com/2010/03/15/what-do-the-4-madhabs-say-on-the-beard/
.
« Last Edit: May 01, 2010, 01:58:05 PM by mabdullah » Logged
ameenlatheef
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« Reply #2 on: April 29, 2010, 05:46:25 AM »

jazakkAllah  khairan brother
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By the declining day, (1) Lo! man is a state of loss, (2) Save those who believe and do good works, and exhort one another to truth and exhort one another to endurance. (3) (surah Al-Asr verses 1-3)
mabdullah
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« Reply #3 on: April 29, 2010, 11:03:53 AM »

WRONGS OF SHAVING THE BEARD

Shaving the beard results in a series of Islamic violations, among which are
the following:

1. Disobedience to Allah

Shaving the beard is an act of disobedience to Allah, as is expressed in the
words of His Messenger !,

Abu Hurayrah " reported that the ruler of Yemen,
appointed by the Persian emperor Kisra, sent two envoys
to the Messenger !. When they came into his presence,
he noticed that they had shaved their beards and let
their moustaches grow big. Hating their ugly appearance,
he turned his face away and said,

“Woe be to you, who told you to do so?” They replied:
“Our lord (Kisra) did!”
The Messenger ! responded: “But my Lord, exalted and
glorified be He, has commanded me to spare my beard
and trim my moustaches.”

[Recorded by Ibn Jarir at-Tabari, Ibn
Sa’d, and Ibn Bishran. Verified to be hasan (good) by al-Albani (Fiqh
us-Sirah by al-Ghazali p. 359)]


2. Disobedience to the Messenger

Shaving the beard is an act of disobedience to the Messenger ! who
commanded the men to spare their beards in many hadiths. Ibn Umar (may
Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah's Messenger ! said:

“Closely trim the moustaches, and spare the beard.”
[Al-Bukhari, Muslim and others].

Obeying the Messenger ! is equivalent to obeying Allah:
“He who obeys the Messenger has obeyed Allah; and
as for those who turn away: We have not sent you as a
guardian over them.” [An-Nisa 4:80]

3. Deviation from the Guidance of the Messenger

There is no doubt that Allah’s Messenger ! is the best example of a man, both in his appearance and actions.

Allah says:
“There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of
Allah an excellent pattern - for anyone whose hope is
in Allah and the Last Day, and who remembers Allah
often.” [An-Nisa' 4:80]

And Jabir " reported that Allah's Messenger ! said:
“Verily, the best guidance is Muhammad's guidance.”
[Recorded by Muslim].

Jabir Bin Samurah " reported that Allah's Messenger ! had a large beard
[Recorded by Muslim]. Shaving the beard clearly exhibits a deviation from his
appearance and guidance.

4. Deviation from the Way of Believers

One must strive to follow the ways of the believers and identify with them.
This is an obligation expressed by Allah:

“Whoever opposes the Messenger, after guidance has
become clear to him, and follows other than the way
of the ‘Believers’, We will give him what he has
chosen and let him into Hell: What an evil
destination!” [an-Nisa 4:115]

Note: The description ‘Believers’ in the ayah applies first and foremost to the
Sahabah [the Prophet's companions-May Allah be pleased with them all]
All of the prophets (alaihis-salaam), the Sahabah (the Prophet's
companions), the great ‘ulama’, and the righteous Salaf (early Muslims) of
this Ummah (Nation) grew their beards. There is no report of a single one of
them selectively shaving his beard. -

For example, Allah tells us that Harun
(alaihis-salaam) addressed his brother Musa (alaihis-salaam) as follows:
He said, “O son of my mother! Do not hold me by my
beard or head.” [Ta-Ha 20:94]

Furthermore, there are authentic reports indicating that the Rightly Guided
Successors, as well as other sahabah and tabi'un had large beards.

Abu Bakr " had a thick beard [Qut ul-Qulub 4:9],

Umar " had a big beard [Al-Isabah
2:511],

Uthman had a large beard [Al-Isabah 2:455],

and Ali's beard was so wide
as to span the distance between his shoulders [At-Tabaqat (3:25) by Ibn Sa’d],

Therefore, shaving the beard exhibits a clear deviation from the way of the
believers.

5. Imitation of the Disbelievers

The Muslims have been commanded to be different and distinct from the
disbelievers. In Surat ul-Fatihah, we are commanded to ask Allah to guide us
away from the ways of the disbelievers:
“Guide us to the Straight Path - The path of those
upon whom You have bestowed Your favor, not of
those who have earned Your anger, nor of those who
are astray.” [Al-Fatihah 1:6~7]

Also, Allah prohibits His Messenger ! from following the desires of the
ignorant. And indeed, anyone who is not on the True Guidance is ignorant.

Allah says:
“Do not follow the whims of those who have no
knowledge (of Islam).” [Al-Jathiyah 45:18]
The Prophet ! has indicated that a person who imitates a certain people will
be counted (in Islam) as being one of them.

How terrible it would be for a person whom Allah has favored with Islam to
find himself resurrected on the Day of Judgment among non-Muslims - simply
because he liked to imitate them.

In several hadiths, Allah's Messenger ! has linked sparing the beard to
being different from the followers of other religions.

Abu Hurayrah " reported that the Prophet ! said:
“Cut the moustaches and grow your beards. Be different
from the ‘Magians’.”
[Recorded by Muslim and Others]
Note: ‘Magians’ - Followers of an ancient Persian religion.

Abu Umamah " reported that Allah's Messenger ! said:
“Cut your moustaches and leave your beards alone. Be
different from the people of the scripture.” [Recorded by
Muslim]

Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah's Messenger !
said:
“Be different from the ‘mushrikin’; trim your moustaches
and save your beards.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Note: ‘mushrikin’ - Those who join others with Allah in worship.
Therefore, shaving the beard is an act of imitation of the disbelievers, and
should be extremely abhorred. It conflicts with many fundamentals of Islam,
and yet many Muslim men do it in compliance with the practices of the
disbelievers!

6. Changing Allah's Creation Without Permission

Except for cases that are expressly indicated in Islam, it is prohibited to
change the way that Allah has created things. Changing Allah's creation
without permission involves obeying Satan who, as Allah tells us, had said:

“They actually call upon none but rebellious Satan,
whom Allah has cursed. And he had said (to Allah), “I
will surely take from among Your servants a specific
portion. I will mislead them, give them false
promises, command them so they will slit the ears of
cattle, and command them so they will change the
creation of Allah.” Certainly, whoever takes Satan as
an ally instead of Allah is in tremendous loss.” [an-Nisa
4:117~119]

Allah has honored the human beings and fashioned them in the best form:
“Verily, We have created the human being in the best
of stature.” [At-Tin 95:4]

Changing this without permission is indeed an act of great atrocity and
deviation that deserves punishment.

The Messenger ! has declared that the women who change what Allah has
created (such as removing their facial hair, wearing wigs, filing their teeth, or
tattooing their bodies) seeking by that to improve their appearance, are
accursed by Allah.

Ibn Mas'ud " reported that Allah's Messenger ! said:
“Allah curses those (women) who tattoo (for others) and
those who get tattoos, those who pluck the facial hair
(for others) and those who have their facial hair
plucked, those who connect their hair with other (fake)
hair, and those who file their teeth for beauty - they
all change Allah's creation.” [al-Bukhari and Muslim]

This hadith mentions women in particular because they normally seek to
beautify themselves more than men. But the warning applies to both genders,
because the condition for the curse is declared: changing Allah's creation.
Thus the curse applies to anyone who satisfies such condition.

Shaving the beard falls under this warning, as it is much worse than ‘nams’
- (removal of facial hair) practiced by some women.

At-Tahanawi said:
“It is established that changing Allah's creation is a
cause for the curse, and that whatever Allah's
Messenger ! prohibits is prohibited by Allah.” [Bayan ul-
Quran]

Waliyy Ullah ad-Dahlawi said:
“Cutting it is the way of the Magians, and involves
changing Allah's creation.” [Bayan ul-Quran]

7. Imitation of Women

The beard presents a major distinction between men and women. Shaving it
removes this distinction, and is thus a means of imitating women. Any act
that involves imitation of the opposite gender makes a person liable for the
curse of Allah and His Messenger !. Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them),
reported:

“Allah's Messenger ! has cursed the men who imitate
the women; and the women who imitate the men.”
[Recorded by al-Bukhari and others].

Al-Kandahlawi said:

“No one can have doubt that complete imitation of
women arises from shaving the beard. This imitation is
stronger than that of imitating their clothing and other
matters, because the beard is the foremost and
greatest distinction between men and women. This is
possible to observe by all people, and is not denied
except by one who wants to deceive himself, follow his
whims, and be effeminate after Allah has favored him
with the good appearance of a man.” [Wujub i’fa il-Lihyah
31-32].

8. Contradicting the Pure Fitrah

The Messenger ! indicates that a child is born with a pure nature, which may
subsequently be blurred by self-indulgence or unfavorable environmental
influence.

Furthermore, Allah's Messenger ! mentioned ten qualities as indicative of a
good, clean nature. Two of these qualities are to trim the moustaches and to
grow the beard.

A’ishah " reported that Allah's Messenger ! said:

“There are ten qualities of fitrah: trimming the
mustaches, sparing the beard, siwak (brushing the
teeth), inhaling water (to clean the nose) [and rinsing the
mouth], cutting the nails, washing the finger knuckles,
plucking the armpit hair, shaving the pubic hair, washing
the private parts with water, [and circumcision].”
[Muslim,Abu Dawud, Ahmad, Ibn Abi Shaybah, and others. The part between
square brackets is not in Muslim (Sahah ul-Jami `no. 2222)]

This fitrah never changes with time: Allah says:
“The pure nature according to which Allah has
created the people. There is no change in Allah's
creation.” [ar-Rum 30:30]

In the footsteps of the disbelievers, many Muslims fitrah is now very
deformed. They find a clean-shaven man more handsome and masculine than
one with a beard - exactly the opposite to what the Messenger ! declared in
the above hadith!

9. Ridiculing the Din

With the deformed fitrah that many contemporary Muslims have, they
approve of the ways of the disbelievers and disapprove of the guidance of
Allah's Messenger !! They adorn themselves with closely shaved beards, and
are ashamed of attending important functions or meetings with even a slight
beard. They admire the shiny look of a clean shaved man, and congratulate
one who just had a nice shave!
They command their relatives, children, and
subordinates to shave their beards, declaring that the beard is a sign of being
messy, backward, and lazy! They ridicule the beard and anyone who grows it!
By doing this, they redicule an established part of the religion of Islam,
which is a major sin. If they do not know that, they are most ignorant about
their din, and if they do it knowingly, they could fall into a definite act of kufr
(disbelief) -

in Allah we seek refuge.

Source: http://www.kalamullah.com/Books/beard.pdf

.
« Last Edit: May 03, 2010, 06:09:50 AM by mabdullah » Logged
mabdullah
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« Reply #4 on: April 29, 2010, 11:05:22 AM »

DOUBTS AND MISCONCEPTIONS

Despite clear texts from the Sunnah, and the consensus of the great scholars
of Islam, we find that the majority of the Muslim men in our time do not grow
their beards. This is one of the many indications that most of the Muslims do
not follow the teachings of their Din. In addition, there are various doubts or
misconceptions to which many men resort in order to justify shaving their
beards. In what follows, we highlight the most important of these.

A Mere Sunnah?

One frequently hears the excuse, "But it is only a sunnah!" In their
understanding, growing the beard is an optional sunnah at best! From the
previous discussion, it is obvious that this is a wrong understanding, and
there is no doubt that growing it is a mandatory sunnah(i.e Wajib).

Fatwas from Scholars?

BAD EXAMPLES

People are often misled by a number of contemporary shaykhs who neglect
this sunnah or provide unfounded fatwas (religious verdicts) belittling it. Thus
they give a bad example for others, and cause them to neglect this sunnah as
well. And surely, this adds to their burden of sins.

 Jarir Bin Abdillah "
reported that Allah's Messenger ! said:

“He who initiates in Islam a good way gets his reward
for it, as well as rewards similar to those who follow him
into it, without reducing any of their rewards. And he
who initiates in Islam an evil way gets his burden for it,
as well as burdens similar to those who follow him into
it, without reducing any of their burdens.” [Recorded by
Muslim, Ahmad and others (Ahkam al-Janaiz 226)]

One such wrong fatwa was given by al-Qaradawi:
"It is true that no reports exist of anyone among the
salaf shaving his beard; but that could be because they
had no need for that, and it was their custom (to grow
it)." [al-Halal wal Haram fil Islaam]

It is obvious from our earlier discussion that this is an invalid rationale;
especially since the reason for growing the beard is much greater than mere
custom - it is Allah's command!

FALSE vs. TRUE SCHOLARS

Not every one who is in position of leadership or fatwa is a true scholar. True
scholars are those who found their fatwas on clear evidence from Allah's Book
and His Messenger's Sunnah. As time passes, fewer and fewer of the true
scholars will be around. But this should not justify for anyone turning toward
the false scholars.

Abdullah Bin Amr " reported that Allah's Messenger ! said:
“Allah does not pull the knowledge suddenly from the
breasts of people, but takes away the knowledge by
taking the lives of the ulama (true scholars). When no
ulama are left, the people will appoint ignorant guides.
When they are asked, they provide fatwa (Islamic
verdicts) without knowledge, thereby straying and leading
others astray.” [Recorded by al-Bukhari, Muslims, and others].

Source: http://www.kalamullah.com/Books/beard.pdf

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« Last Edit: April 29, 2010, 11:16:01 AM by mabdullah » Logged
 
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