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Author Topic: The explanation of Chapter Al-Humazah  (Read 1887 times)
UmmOmar
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« on: December 21, 2009, 01:59:31 AM »

Bismillahir-Ra7manir-Ra7eem

Al7amduliLLAHir-Rabb-il-`alameen was-salat was-salam `ala nabiyyina Mu7ammad wa `ala alihi wa sa7bihi ajma`een.


The Soorah (Quraanic chapter) Al-Humazah (The Mocker) [No. 104] is one of the short Chapters of the thirtieth part of the Noble Quran. Herein is its explanation extracted from 'Tafseer Ibn Katheer', which is one of the most reliable books of Tafseer (interpretation).

The text of the chapter:
In the name of Allaah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

1. Woe to every scorner and mocker
2. Who collects wealth and [continuously] counts it.
3. He thinks that his wealth will make him immortal.
4. No! He will surely be thrown into the Crusher.
5. And what can make you know what is the Crusher?
6. It is the fire of Allaah, [eternally] fueled,
7. Which mounts directed at the hearts.
8. Indeed, it [i.e. Hellfire] will be closed down upon them
9. In extended columns


The explanation:
"Woe to every scorner and mocker"

That is, who holds people in contempt and belittles them, as in the Words of Allaah, the Most High, which mean:"[And] scorner, going about with malicious gossip."[Quran, 68: 11] That is, according to Ibn 'Abbaas and Qataadah may Allaah be pleased with them a backbiter who goes about amongst the people sowing dissension and discord between them, carrying tales and causing corruption. It is narrated by Al-Bukhaari and Muslim may Allaah have mercy upon them that the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) was passing by two graves and he sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said:
"Assuredly, they are both being punished, not for a major sin, but because one of them did not clean himself after urinating and the other used to carry tales." [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]


Imam Ahmad may Allaah have mercy upon him has narrated that Hudhayfah may Allaah be pleased with him said: "I heard the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) saying: "The tale-bearer will not enter Paradise." [Muslim]

"Who collects wealth and [continuously] counts it."

That is, who hoards his money and occupies himself in counting it, like a miser, as in Allaah's Words, which mean: "And collected [wealth] and hoarded it." [Quran 70: 18] His wealth diverts him: All day he spends time counting and piling up his money and at night, he sleeps like a rotting corpse.

"He thinks that his wealth will make him immortal."

That is, he believes that his accumulated wealth will prolong his life in this world.

"No!!"

That is, the matter is in no way as he supposes.

"He will surely be thrown into the Crusher"

That is, surely, the one who piles his wealth in a miserly manner will be thrown in a crushing fire which burns up to the heart while he is still alive.

" And what can make you know what is the Crusher? It is the fire of Allaah, [eternally] fueled, which mounts directed at the hearts."

Thaabit may Allaah be pleased with him said: "It means that it (the fire) burns them up to their hearts while they are alive." Then, he said, "The punishment reaches its climax." - At this point, Thaabit began to cry (at the thought of such a terrible torment). According to Muhammad Ibn Ka'b may Allaah have mercy upon him the fire eats away the flesh of the body until it reaches up to the heart, then it proceeds up to his throat, then it commences again with his body.

" Indeed, it [i.e. Hellfire] will be closed down upon them"

There is no escape for them from it, nor any relief since, according to Ibn 'Abbaas, the Arabic word Mu'sadah used in this verse means that it (the fire) locks all doors upon them so that there is no escape. Qataadah may Allaah be pleased with him said it means a fire that blocks out all the light and prevents any exit from it, while Ad-Dahhaak may Allaah have mercy upon him said it means an all-encompassing fire from which there is no door by which to exit.

According to Abu 'Imraan Al-Jawni may Allaah have mercy upon him "When the Day of Resurrection comes, by Allaah's command, every tyrant, every devil and every person who used to fear people (rather than Allaah) will be fettered in irons, then Allaah will order that they be thrown into the Fire and they will be covered by it, then - by Allaah - their feet will not be able to obtain any position on the ground - ever; nor will they be able to see the sky from it, for their eyes will never be able to close in sleep, nor – by Allaah – will they taste therein any cold (refreshing) drinks – ever." [Ibn Abi Haatim]

"In extended columns"

'Atiyah Ibn 'Awfi may Allaah have mercy upon him said that it means columns of iron, while As-Suddi may Allaah have mercy upon him said, "It means columns of fire." Qataadah said that according to Ibn 'Abbas, it means the doors (of the fire) are extended. Al-'Awfi also attributes to Ibn 'Abbaas that it means that Allaah will place them in the Fire with extended columns over them, buttressed by supports to which they are chained by their necks and the doors are locked upon them. Qataadah also said: "We used to say that they are punished with columns of fire." This was the preferred explanation of Ibn Jareer may Allaah have mercy upon him  while Abu Saalih may Allaah have mercy upon him  said that the verse means: "In heavy shackles (which bind them)".
Sunday : 20/12/2009


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And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Qur'an (2:186)
 
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