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mabdullah
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« on: August 13, 2011, 01:46:49 PM »

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ



Hajj- the 5th Pillar of Islam


The Fifth Foundation of Islam -Hajj-

Qadi ‘Iyad
The Foundations of Islam

INTRODUCTION
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MERCIFUL, THE COMPASSIONATE

Qadi Abu’l-Fadl ‘Iyad, may Allah be pleased with him, said: Praise belongs to Allah, the only One to whom praise is due. I ask Him to single out our Prophet Muhammad and his family with the purest and most abundant blessings, and to make all our words and deeds purely for His pleasure.

Desiring the good and eager to train students in right action, you have asked me to draw up the essentials of the limits of the foundations of Islam in an accessible form. Know that Islam’s foundations are five in number as our Messenger, blessings of Allah and peace be on him, has said:

“Islam is founded on five things:

Bearing witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger
Establishing Prayer
Paying the Wealth-tax
Fasting the month of Ramadan
And Performing the Journey to the House.”

Hajj

It is obligatory once during a lifetime.

THE CONDITIONS OF IT BEING OBLIGATORY ARE SIX:

1. Islam or having embraced Islam.

2. Being of sound mind.

3. Freedom.

4. Maturity.

5. Bodily health.

6. The capacity to get there without obstruction or harm.

ITS PILLARS ARE SIX:

1. Intention.

2. Putting on the pilgrim’s dress (Ihram).

3. Tawaf al-Ifada.

4. Running between Safa and Marwah.

5. Standing on ‘Arafa at the time of Hajj.

6. There are different views regarding the stoning of the ‘Aqaba.

THERE ARE THREE KINDS OF HAJJ:

A. HAJJ IFRAD. Doing Hajj only, having put on the Ihram, and it is the best of them.

B. HAJJ QIRAN. Combining Hajj and ‘Umra.

C. HAJJ TAMATTU’. It is when a non-Makkan does ‘Umra in one of the three months of the Hajj: Shawwal and the two that come after it. Then he takes off the Ihram and performs the Hajj that same year.

HE CANNOT DO THE HAJJ TAMATTU’ EXCEPT ON SIX CONDITIONS:

1. He cannot be a Makkan.

2. He must do the ‘Umra and the Hajj together in the same year.

3. And on the same trip.

4. The ‘Umra must be the first to be done.

5. He must do it or part of it in the months of Hajj.

6. He must put on the Ihram for Hajj after taking off the Ihram for ‘Umra. The non-Makkan who ties the Hajj and ‘Umra together and the man doing the Hajj Tamattu’ are required to slaughter at Mina after Fajr on the Yawm an-Nahar if he has brought a slaughter animal to ‘Arafa. Otherwise he slaughters it in Makka. If he does not have the means for it, he fasts three days during the days of the Hajj and seven among his people after he gets back.

THE sunnan OF THE HAJJ ARE FIFTY:

We have presented them according to the order they are performed in the Hajj from putting on the Ihram to the finish so that you know how it is done. Along with this we have mentioned the obligatory parts of the Hajj and its basic elements.

1. The first of these is that he put on the Ihram during the three months of the Hajj. The Ihram is put on in the Miqat, not before it, not after it. The Miqat are five:

a. Dhul Hulayfa for the people of Madinah.

b. Qarn for the people of Najd.

c. Al-Juhfa for the people of Sham, Egypt, and the West.

d. Yalamlama for the people of the Yemen.

e. Dhat ‘Irq for the people of Iraq and those beyond them. Whoever’s house lies between the Miqat and Makka puts on the Ihram in his house. The people of Makka in Makka. He who crosses the Miqat without putting on the Ihram must sacrifice.

2. Ghusl at the time of putting on the Ihram.

3. Abstention from the use of clothes sewn with thread.

4. Abstention from the use of khuff (slippers) by men or sandals that have tops and cover part of the foot.

5. Uncovering the head and face for men. Only uncovering the face for women.

6. Putting on the Ihram immediately after making salat. The best is that it be a non-obligatory salat.

7. Making the intention by his heart to do a Hajj or an ‘Umra.

8. Making the Talbiya-call. This he does once he has mounted his camel and it has risen to its feet, or he has begun to walk if he is going on foot. He calls out in a high voice without over-doing it. He makes the call right after every salat. When he is on any high place. When he is together with his companions. When he is in mosques. When he is in the mosque of Mina. When he is in the haraam-Mosque – except that it is preferable that he stops making the call when he enters it the first time for tawaf. The man doing Hajj stops making the Talbiya after sunset on the Day of ‘Arafa. He stops it when he sets out to return to the Mawqif. The man making ‘Umra stops it when he enters the first areas of the haraam if he had put on the Ihram at the Miqat. But if he had put on the Ihram in Tan’im and places like it then he stops making the call when he enters the houses of Makka. The Talbiya call is:

Labbayk Allahumma labbayk. Totally at Your service, O Allah, totally at Your service. La sharika lak. You have no partner. Inna’l-Hamda wa’n-ni’mata laka wal-Mulk. Yours is the Praise, Yours the Blessing, Yours the Kingdom. La sharika lak. You have no partner.

9. Then he has to bathe his body when he enters Makka but without scrubbing it.

10. Then, for the non-Makkan, he has to do the Tawaf al-Qudum (arrival).

11. He begins when he enters the Mosque by going and kissing the Stone.

12. Then he puts the House on his left and he goes around outside the Stone seven complete times. Three at a fast pace, four walking, and this is not required of women, and not in other than the Tawaf al-Qudum.

13. In the tawaf the same things are required regarding cleanliness from waste, filth, covering nakedness, and doing things in sequence which are required in the salat, with minor exceptions.

14. If a salat is called out when he is doing the tawaf, he does the salat. Then he picks up where he left off.

15. He then does a salat of two rak’ats.

16. Then he touches the Stone.
 
17. Then he starts the Sa’y. He begins with Safa, climbs onto it until he can see the House. He calls out, ‘La ilaha illa’llah’ and shouts ‘Allahu Akbar!’

18. He makes du’a.

19. Then he comes down walking until he gets to Marwa.

20. Once he gets onto its peak, he does as he did at Safa.

21. He goes back and forth until he has completed seven trips between the two places, ending up at Marwa.

22. Now at this point the actions of the man making ‘Umra are finished. He shaves his head.

23. As for the man making Hajj, once he has finished his Sa’y he has got to leave and go to Mina on the Yawm at-Tarwiha. It is the eighth of Dhu’l-Hijjah.

24. Then he prays together Dhuhr and ‘Asr on ‘Arafa on the ninth day.

25. Then there is the waquf (standing) on the side of its mountain from that time until the setting of the sun while continuing to call out ‘la ilaha illa’llah’, shouting ‘Allahu Akbar’, and making du’a, while sitting on the back of a camel.

26. Then there is the departure with the departure of the Imam – not before him –to Muzdalifa.

27. The joining together of Maghrib and ‘Isha there.

28. Spending the night in Muzdalifa.

29. The coming to al-Mash’ar al-haraam after praying the Subh salat in Muzdalifa.

30. Making du’a after that and calling out, ‘Allahu Akbar’ and ‘la ilaha illa’llah’.

31. Then you leave with the departure of the Imam before the dawn grows light.

32. You break into a jog whenever you go through Batin Mahsir.

33. Then you stone the Jamrat al-‘Aqaba towards its base during the early morning while riding, as in the way you came, using seven pebbles. You say, ‘Allahu Akbar’ with each pebble you throw.

34. Then the slaughter of the sacrificial animal for those who brought one. Slaughter it on its feet after it has been marked and adorned from the place you put on the Ihram.

35. You slaughter in Mina those beasts which were made to stand on ‘Arafa. Whatever was not made to stand there, you slaughter in Makka.

36. After the stoning of the Jamrat al-‘Aqaba everything is permissible for the man dressed in Ihram that he wants to do except hunting, women and scent.

37. Then you shave the head or cut its hair short.

38. Then, right after that, you go back to Makka for the obligatory Tawaf. It is done just like the Tawaf al-Qudum which we mentioned.

39. After it he does two rak’ats. But this time he does not go around fast at any time.

40. Whoever is late and comes to ‘Arafa in great haste and did not do the Tawaf al-Qudum or the Sa’y has got to do the Sa’y immediately after the Tawaf al-Ifada, in the manner described earlier.

41. After the Tawaf al-Ifada, the one wearing Ihram takes it off.

42. It is then permissible for him to do everything he had been prevented from doing.

43. Then in the same day he must get back to Mina and spend the night there during the days of Tashriq.

44. And he has got to do the stoning of the three days, stoning the jamrat after the sun has begun to decline from noon but before the salat.

45. He has got to do this every day. Every jamra seven pebbles. He says, ‘Allahu Akbar’ with every pebble.

46. He stands to make du’a at the last two jamrat but not the first.

47. He stones them around their tops.

48. Then he goes down to Makka immediately after the last jamra on the fourth day of the days of Tashriq before the Dhuhr salat.

49. He makes his salat on the road. And for the man in a hurry, he can depart before that day.

50. Then there is the Tawaf al-Wad’a (farewell) in Makka for the non-Makkan, done in the manner described earlier. Its sunnah is that it be connected directly to the trip of departure. Whoever stays on afterwards has got to do it again. And among the sunnan of the Hajj is the ‘Umra. It is also said that it is obligatory. And among its sunnan is worship by making sacrifice.

ITS RECOMMENDED ASPECTS ARE TWENTYFIVE:

1. Hajj Ifrad without doing the Hajj Tamattu’ or Hajj Qiran.

2. To limit oneself in one’s conviction to make a Hajj or ‘Umra by making the intention without speaking it out loud.

3. To make your Ihram from white cloth.

4. To do nafila salat before putting them on.

5. To be unkempt, dusty, and look shabby.

6. To enter Makka by way of Kada’i in upper Makka.

7. To leave Makka by way of Kuda in lower Makka.

8. To do the wuquf and all the actions of Hajj in the state of purity except for the tawaf, for which purity is a condition of validity.

9. To make ghusl for the wuquf of ‘Arafa and Muzdalifa and for tawaf of the House.

10. Every ghusl after the ghusl of putting on the Ihram is only a matter of sprinkling water over the body without scrubbing.

11. Walking fast but not running when crossing Batn al-Masil while doing the Sa’y.

12. Doing the two rak’ats of tawaf at the Maqam al-Ibrahim.

13. Making du’a there.

14. Doing a lot of invocation of Allah, the Exalted.

15. Making du’a and saying Allahu Akbar during the days of Hajj and during all of its major events.

16. Hastening with the Tawaf al-Ifada on the Yawm an-Nahar.

17. Making the Talbiya call on every high place, when with your companions, right after the salat, in mosques.

18. Setting out directly to get to the House upon entering Makka without deflecting to go somewhere else first.

19. To enter by the Gate of Bani Shibah.

20. To kiss the Stone every time you go by it in the tawaf if able, if not, put your hand out to it, then put your hand on your mouth.

21. Putting your hand on the Yamani corner is like this as well. Whoever is incapable of doing any of these things points with his hand, says, ‘Allahu Akbar’, and then moves on.

22. Shaving the head for men instead of just cutting the hair short. The man who has plastered his hair has got to shave.

23. To perform the Hajj on foot for whoever is able. Some say riding is better.

24. To undertake the slaughter of the sacrificial animal with your own hand.

25. To visit the grave of the Messenger, may Allah bless him, give him peace, exalt him and ennoble him.
 


« Last Edit: August 13, 2011, 03:18:34 PM by mabdullah » Logged
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« Reply #1 on: August 13, 2011, 01:48:13 PM »





THE PROHIBITED THINGS ARE TWENTY-FIVE FOR MEN:

1. Wearing clothes that are sewn.

2. Wearing burnooses, turbans, hats, covering the head and face.

3. Wearing khuffs (leather socks) and jurmug (overmoccasins) and footwear to the same effect or less than them when you are capable of wearing two sandals.

4. Wearing gloves (this is for men).

5. As for women, the woman is only prevented from covering her face and hands. That is all she has to do to put on the Ihram.

6. Wearing garments dyed with saffron and yellow.

7. Shaving the hair of the head and the rest of the body or pulling the hair out or cutting it short.

8. Clipping the nails.

9. Using scent or touching it.

10. Removing unkemptness of the hair or body by use of ointment.

11. Ornamenting it.

12. Washing away its filth.

13. Killing lice.

14. Killing game animals.

15. Hunting them.

16. Tying them up for later if a Hajji or someone else has captured it.

17. Eating from halaal game which has been hunted under haraam conditions.

18. As for the game hunted by the man in Ihram or the haraam game, it is not pure and cannot be eaten.

19. Doing anything that would cause an ejaculation.

20. Intercourse with wife.

21. Making a contract of marriage for oneself or someone else.

22. Making an engagement for marriage.

23. For a woman to put on kohl even if it contains no scent. There are differences about this in the case of men.

24. Putting henna on the head, hands, feet.

25. Removing lice and similar things from the camel.

THE MAKRUH ACTS OF HAJJ ARE ALSO TWENTY-FIVE:

1. Putting on Ihram before the month of Hajj and before the Miqat.

2. Overdoing the Talbiya.

3. Raising the voice with it in the mosques. But those immediately around him should be able to hear it except in the haraam Mosque and the Mosque of Mina: in these he raises his voice with it just as he raises it in other places.

4. Wearing clothes dyed with saffron.

5. Doing Talbiya in the Sa’y and the tawaf.

6. Reciting Qur’an in it.

7. Doing a lot of talking.

8. Drinking water except for one who must.

9. Covering what is above the chin.

10. Smelling scent.

11. Going into a bath house (hammam).

12. Smelling sweet basil (raihan) or washing the hands with it.

13. Dipping the head in water.

14. Talking to women.

15. Saying bad things.

16. Eating scented things.

17. Cupping.

18. Shading oneself in anything other than a house or tent.

19. Making sujud at the Black Stone.

20. Kissing the hand if it is put on the Yamani corner. Instead you put it to the mouth without kissing it.

21. To spend the night in Muzdalifa in Batin Mahsir.

22. To do the wuquf on the mountains of ‘Arafa. Instead you stand on the side of the mountain – except for the valley of ‘Arafa, you do not do the standing there.

23. Moving out from the al-Mash’ar al-haraam at the time the dawn has grown light or after it. Rather you do this before it – except for the weak and for women.

24. To do the stoning with stones which have already been thrown.

25. Riding in enclosed compartments during it instead of on an open saddle.

THE PARAMETERS OF HAJJ OR ‘UMRA IN THE CASE THAT THEY ARE INVALIDATED:

They are invalidated by having sex, ejaculating, missing part of the Hajj, or performing deficiently one of its basic elements, or one of its obligatory parts, or one of the sunnan of both of them. The parameters are eight:

1. To keep on doing what you are doing.

2. To make up later what has been missed.

3. To compensate for the one who has missed something.

4. To repeat acts done incorrectly.

5. To make complete (what was imperfect).

6. To slaughter the slaughter animal.

7. To make recompense.

8. To make ransom.

It is obligatory after invalidating the Hajj to carry through the rest of its actions and to do them completely. One who misses the Hajj compensates by doing ‘Umra and then doing both of them over again in their proper time, whether either of them were voluntary or obligatory. But not in the case of a man held back by an enemy. He takes off his Ihram. There is no making up required of him or sacrifice.

Husband and wife are separated from each other, as a reprimand to both of them in making up the Hajj from the time that they put on the Ihram again until its completion, if they have spoiled it by having sex.

You make up what has been forgotten or omitted of the sunnan of both of them or the obligatory parts of the Hajj by going back and doing it the way it was supposed to be done.

This pertains to:

– Things whose special time has not passed.

– Incomplete performance of one of the parameters of such matters.

– Doing one of its basics wrong – like leaving out the tawaf or one of the laps of Sa’y, or the tawaf as an act of worship, or when not having wudu’, or on the roofs of the mosques unless there is a crowd which forces him to do that. He must go back and do it the way it is supposed to be done. If he does not remember that until he gets back to his country, he must go back to Makka in his Ihram and make up what he missed or what he invalidated.

It is required to slaughter a slaughter animal in the case of invalidation or missing the Hajj: a badanah (female camel or cow).

Similarly for the man kept back by sickness in conjunction with his going through everything according to its parameters until he makes Hajj or ‘Umra.

Likewise the slaughter animal is required of a man who does the Hajj Tamattu’ or Hajj Qiran.

Here the slaughter animal is a shah (sheep or goat). Similarly anyone who leaves out one of the necessary sunnan of it or those which are strongly confirmed. Such as:

A man who goes beyond the Miqat without putting on Ihram.

Who leaves out the stoning until its time has passed.

Who does not stop to stay at Muzdalifa.

Who leaves out the two rak’ats of the obligatory tawaf until he gets back to his country.

Or leaves out the Talbiya altogether.

Or the Tawaf al-Qudum for one who is not a late arriver going as fast as he can (to ‘Arafa).

Or doing the shaving before stoning the Jamrat al-‘Aqaba.

Or entering Makka without Ihram.

Or leaving out the Tawaf al-Ifada or part of it until the months of the Hajj have passed.

So whoever among all these does not find the slaughter animal who would have been required to sacrifice before the performance of Hajj – like the man who crossed the Miqat, the man doing the Hajj Qiran, or Hajj Tamattu’ and so forth – he must fast ten days. Three days during the Hajj, the last of which is the last day of Tashriq. And seven afterwards. Other people can fast them whenever they want.

As for the Recompense (al-Jadha’): it is for killing game animals and eating them. As Allah has said, ‘A recompense for the likes of what he has killed.’

It is slaughtered in Mina if it had been made to stand on ‘Arafa. Otherwise in Makka.

Or he makes recompense by giving food equal in the value to the game by fasting a day for every mudd.

AS FOR THE RANSOM (AL-FIDYA)

It is for removal of the error in:

1. Shaving the head (early).

2. Wearing clothes with thread in them.

3. Wearing khuffs (leather socks).

4. Using scent.

5. And similar things which the man wearing Ihram is prohibited from doing.
As Allah has said, exalted is He: ‘Then a ransom of fasting’ – and that is six days – ‘or sadaqa’

– and that is feeding six poor people two mudds for each one

– ‘or slaughter’ – and that is a sheep or goat which is brought out from whichever country it is in. Allah is the One who guides to doing what is right.

ENDING

Allah – He is Exalted – protect all of us from making mistakes and saying worthless things. May He bring us to the success of words and actions that are to the point. This by His freely-given bounty. There is no God but Him. There is no Lord beside Him.

May Allah bless Muhammad – His chosen Prophet – and his family and give them abundant peace.

Hasbuna’llahu wa ni’mal-wakil. Allah is enough for us – how excellent a Guardian.
« Last Edit: August 15, 2011, 01:56:49 PM by mabdullah » Logged
viqaruddin
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« Reply #2 on: August 15, 2011, 01:02:50 AM »

Assalam alaikum wa wb
Jazzak allah khair bro 4 this lovely info...i intend to do hajj this year inshallah,above info will be very helpfull 2 me.
Could u pls post other info related to arkhan-e-hajj
assalam alaikum
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The final & the most important journey of a man begins with his One leg wrapped to the other leg (in the death shroud) {waltafatul saaqu bil saaq}...the only thing that takes him forward to the blissfull destination are his GOOD DEEDS.....are we ready for it?
mabdullah
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« Reply #3 on: August 15, 2011, 01:58:59 PM »

وعليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته

MashaAllah, Very good news.
May Allah subhanahu wa Taala make it easy, enjoyable and accepted Hajj for you, ameen.

Arkan are mentioned above as pillars. Next posts will also have some details  about Arakan e Hajj.

"ITS PILLARS ARE SIX:

1. Intention.

2. Putting on the pilgrim’s dress (Ihram).

3. Tawaf al-Ifada.

4. Running between Safa and Marwah.

5. Standing on ‘Arafa at the time of Hajj.

6. Stoning of the ‘Aqaba. "
« Last Edit: August 15, 2011, 04:15:11 PM by mabdullah » Logged
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« Reply #4 on: August 15, 2011, 04:05:39 PM »

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
 


Hajj

Imam ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah rahimahullaah
Mukhtasar Zaad al-Ma`aad

The word Hajj means, literally, repairing to a place for the sake of visit, and in the terminology of the Islamic shari'ah, it implies repairing to Bait-Allah (the House of Allah, one of the names of al-Ka'aba) to observe the necessary devotions. Hajj is not a new institution introduced by Islam in its shari'ah, This institution is as old as al-Ka'aba itself which is called in the Holy Koran ‘the first House of Divine Worship appointed for mankind’ (3:95). This verse corroborates the Hadith (Prophetic Saying) which tell us that al-Ka'ba was first built by Adam, the first man on earth.

The whole ceremony of Hajj is commemorative of Prophet Ibrahim and his family's acts of devotion to Allah Almighty. This demonstrates that Muhammad, the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon did not innovate this institution but purged it of all evil practices and made it an obligatory act of piety by which one can develop God-consciousness; hence it is one of the five pillars of faith incumbent upon each believer to do if he is capable physically and financially. Pilgrimage is rightly said to be the perfection of faith since it combines in itself all the distinctive qualities of other obligatory acts of prayer, patience, privation of amenities of life, devotion, Zakat (alms) and supplication. In fact, physical pilgrimage is a prelude to spiritual pilgrimage to Allah when man would bid good-bye to everything of the world and present himself before Him as His humble servant saying: 'Here I am before Thee, my Lord, as a slave of Thine.'

The rites connected with pilgrimage are divided into two kinds:

1 - 'Umra (Lesser pilgrimage) is made by the individual at any date he wishes, except at the times of the official pilgrimage.

2 - Hajj (official pilgrimage) which must be undertaken at a given date and in company with all the other pilgrims. It takes place in the months of Shawwal, Dhul-Qua'da and Dhul-Hijja (the last three months of the Hijri calendar).

The Meccan territory is sacred (al-haraam). The pilgrim enters this territory in a state of Ihram (one enters in a state in which he is forbidden to do certain things that were permissible before. In technical terms it implies undertaking Hajj or 'Umra). Al-lhram entails wearing special garment. In this regard, there is a consensus of opinion that a pilgrim is not allowed to wear sewn clothes or to cover his head or hands. If he wears stockings or shoes these must be above the ankles. This is done inorder to foster a sense of humility and a feeling of brotherhood among the Muslims. Al-Ihram or pilgrim’s garment consists of two seamless (unsewn) pieces of white woolen or cotton cloth, of which one wound around the waist and reaches below the knees, while the other is slung loosely around one shoulder with the head remaining uncovered. This attire goes for males, whereas females have to cover all their body except the face, hands and feet. Before putting on this sacred dress the pilgrim goes through an ablution (Ghusl for major purification and has his hair shaved or clipped. A man in lhram is consecrated: He cannot hunt, pick plants, shed blood or have sexual intercourse. After putting the lhram, the pilgrim recites prayer and pronounces his intention of making the 'Umra and the Hajj at the same time; or only one of them as the case may be. Then he begins to utter in loud voice 'Labbayk’ meaning 'at Thy service.' This cry is constantly repeated up to the beginning of the ceremony of the throwing of stones.

Having arrived in Makkah, the pilgrim circumambulates the Ka`aba seven times (Tawaf), then enters the court of the sanctuary and kisses or touches the Black Stone. When the pilgrim leaves the sanctuary he formulates his intention of performing the ritual of al-Sa'i which consists of visiting the two hills of Makkah: Safa and Marwa several times. One part of the route is traversed by trotting.

These visits complete the rites of 'Umra. If the pilgrim has no further intention of maidng the official Hajj, he shaves his head as a sign of being free from further ritual interdictions. If, on the other hand, he intends to continue with the Hajj, he retains hisIhram and the following rules are observed,

1. On the eighth day of Dhul-Hija, the pilgrim goes to Mina and to Muzdalifa.

2. On the morning of the ninth day he halts at the hill of 'Arafat; and here the pilgrims climb the hill crying 'Labbayk, Labbayk [Here I come to Thee (Allah)]'

3. After the sun crosses the meridian, the prince of pilgrimage ascends the hill of 'Arafat where he preaches and recites pious invocations amid general emotion. When the sun sets, the 'Ifada’ begins. This is a swift movement towards the Muzdalifa plains where the pilgrims spend their night.

4. Early in the morning of the tenth day there is a congregational prayer followed by a sermon after which the pilgrims start for Mina. The day is marked by three different rituals:

a. Each pilgrim carries some stones with him from Muzdalifa. When the assembly reaches each pilgrim throws his stones (Jamrat) on each of the stone-heaps of Mina (Jamrat al-Aqaba, al-Jamrat al-Wustat, alJamrat al-Sughra). Throwing the stones is a physical movement expressing a spiritual endeavour to conquer Satan and ward off its evil schemes.

b. Each pilgrim offers a sacrificial goat to be slaughtered to distribute its meat among the poor.

c. Finally the pilgrim shaves his hair again. He is then in a state of semi-consecration (Tahallul). His complete consecration is achieved after he has visited the rest of the sacred places of Makkah.
« Last Edit: August 15, 2011, 04:07:13 PM by mabdullah » Logged
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« Reply #5 on: August 15, 2011, 04:13:56 PM »

PILGRIMAGE (HAJJ)

Mukhtasar al-Quduri
Ahmad Abu'l-Hasan al-Quduri al-Baghdadee 362-428H

1.0 OBLIGATION OF HAJJ

1.  Hajj is obligatory on free, sane, healthy adults if
• they are capable of [affording] provision and transportation, in excess of one’s dwelling, of that which is essential, and the maintenance of one’s family until the time of his return, and
• the way is safe, and
• for a woman, her having a mahram or husband to perform hajj with her, is considered.  It is not permissible for her to perform hajj without [these] two if there is between her and Makkah a distance of three days’ and nights’ journey.
2.  If a youth attains maturity, or a slave is freed, after entering ihram, and they continue thus, it does not suffice them for the Hajj of Islam.
[
1.1 Fard Rites in Hajj
1. Ihram, before any of the other rites.
2. Standing at `Arafah, for at least a moment, any time between the decline of the sun on the 9th of Dhu’l-Hijjah, and the dawn of the 10th.
3. Tawaf of Visiting, after the Standing at `Arafah, with intention.
4. Maintaining the order between the fard acts (ihram-Standing-Tawaf)
5. Keeping away from sexual intercourse before the Standing.

1.2 Wajib Acts in Hajj
1. Standing at Muzdalifah, for at least a moment after dawn on the 10th of Dhu’l-Hijjah.
2. Sa`y (Running between Safa and Marwah)
3. Pelting the Jamarat
4. Tawaf of Leaving, for other than menstruating women and the residents of Makkah.
5. Cutting or shaving the hair of the head within the haraam, within the Days of Immolation.
6. Not delaying ihram beyond the miqat.
7. Keeping away from transgressions of the ihram (sexual intercourse after the Standing, wearing sewn garments, covering the head and/or face).
8. Prolonging the Standing at `Arafah until after sunset and after the imam has begun issuing forth.
9. Delaying Maghrib and `Isha’ until Muzdalifah
10. Not delaying the Tawaf of Visiting beyond the Days of Immolation.
11. Beginning tawaf from the Black Stone.
12. Performing tawaf counter-clockwise.
13. Performing tawaf around the hatim.
14. Walking in tawaf, for one who has no excuse.
15. Being in a state of purity during tawaf.
16. Covering the nakedness during tawaf.
17. Performing two rak`ah after tawaf.
18. Beginning Sa`y from Safa
19. Walking in Sa`y, for one who has no excuse.
20. Performing Sa`y after a valid Tawaf
21.  Slaughtering a ewe, for one performing tamattu` or qiran.
22. Maintaining the order between pelting, slaughtering and cutting hair.
]

2.0 THE IHRAM

2.1 The Mawaqit
1. The mawaqit which it is not permissible for a person to pass except in the state of ihram are:
• for the people of Madinah : Dhu’l-Hulayfah,
• for the people of `Iraq : Dhatu-`Irq,
• for the people of the Levant (al-Sham) : al-Juhfah,
• for the people of Najd : Qarn al-Manazil,
• for the people of Yemen : Yalamlam.
2. If one entered ihram before these mawaqit, it is valid.
3. The miqat of one whose dwelling-place is after the mawaqit, is al-Hill .
4. The miqat of one who is in Makkah is the haraam for hajj and al-Hill for `umrah.

5. The Months of Hajj are : Shawwal, Dhu’-Qa`dah, and the [first] ten of Dhu’l-Hijjah.  But, if one entered ihram for hajj before this, it is valid, and it counts as hajj [except that he must wait until the time of hajj to perform the rites].

2.2 Entering Ihram
When one desires to enter ihram, he
1. performs ghusl or wudu’, but ghusl is better
2. wears two new or washed cloths : an izar (waist-wrapper) and a rida’ (upper garment).
3. applies perfume if he has some
4. he prays two rak`ah
5. says, Allahumma inni uridu’l-hajja fa-yassirhu li wa-taqabbalhu minni.
6. pronounces talbiyah after his salah.
• If he is performing hajj alone (ifrad), he intends hajj with his talbiyah.
• The talbiyah is that one say : Labbayk-allahumma labbayk.  Labbayk la sharika laka labbayk.  Innal-hamda wan-ni`mata laka wal-mulk.  la sharika lak.
• It is not appropriate to leave out any of these words, but if one added [something] after them it is permissible.

2.3 Forbidden Deeds during Ihram
When one has pronounced talbiyah, he has entered ihram, and so he should keep away from that which Allah has forbidden :
1. rafath (sexual intercourse, or sexual talk),
2. fusuq (sins) and
3. jidal (argument).
4. He should not kill game, nor point it out, nor direct to it.
5. He should not wear a shirt, nor pants, nor a turban, nor a cap, nor a gown.
Nor [should he wear] khuffs unless he cannot find shoes, in which case he should cut them below the tarsus
6. He should not cover his head, nor his face.
7. He should not apply perfume.
He should not wash his hair or beard with marsh amllow.
8. He should not shave his head, nor his body hair, nor cut [anything from] his beard, nor [cut] his nails.
9. He should not wear a garment died with wirs , saffron or safflower, unless it has been washed and does not exude fragrance.

2.4 Permissible Deeds during Ihram
There is no harm in :
1. performing ghusl
2. entering a bath-house
3. taking shade under a house, or a canopy
4. Tying a himyan (belt to carry money) around his waist.

2.5 Recommended during Ihram
One should recite talbiyah abundantly, after salah, and whenever one mounts an elevated place, or descends into a valley, or meets riders, and in the last part of the night.

3.0 COMPONENTS OF HAJJ (IFRAD)

3.1 The Tawaf of Arrival
When one enters Makkah, he begins [by going] to the Sacred Mosque, then when one sees the House, he pronounces takbir and tahlil.
1. Then, one starts at the Black Stone, faces it, pronounces takbir, raises his hands and touches it, and kisses it if one is able to [do so] without harming any Muslim.
2. Then, he starts [walking] to his right, by the door [of the Ka`bah],
3. having donned his rida’ in the style of idtiba’ .
4. One makes ones tawaf (circumambulation) around the Hatim.
5. One performs raml  in the first three circuits, and walks calmly in the remaining [four].
7. One touches the Stone whenever one passes by it, if one is able, and one ends the tawaf with touching [it].
8. Then, one proceeds to the Maqam (Station of Prophet Abraham) and prays two rak`ah at it, or wherever he is easily able to in the Mosque.

This is the Tawaf of Arrival (tawaf al-qudum). It is sunnah, and is not obligatory.
• There is no Tawaf of Arrival due upon the people of Makkah.
• If the one in ihram did not enter Makkah, and [instead] set out for `Arafat [directly], and stood there according to what we [shall] mention, the Tawaf of Arrival is waived for him, and he is not liable to do anything for having omitted it.

3.2 The Sa`y
1.  Then, one sets out to Safa.  One climbs onto it, faces the qiblah, pronounces takbir and tahlil, invokes blessings on the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), and supplicates Allah for his needs.
2. Then, one descends calmly in the direction of Marwah.
3. Then, when he reaches the inside of the valley, he runs between the two green posts.
4. [He proceeds] until he comes to Marwah, and then he climbs onto it and does as he did on Safa.
This is one round, and he performs seven [such] rounds, [such that] he begins at Safa and ends at Marwah.

Then, [if performing ifrad] one stays in Makkah in the state of ihram, performing tawaf whenever one desires.

3.3 Going out to Mina
1. Then, when it is one day before the Day of Tarwiyah , the imam delivers a sermon in which he teaches the people [the details] of going out to Mina, salah in `Arafat, the Standing, and the Ifadah.
2. Then, when one has prayed fajr on the Day of Tarwiyah in Makkah, one goes out to Mina and stays there until he prays Fajr on the Day of `Arafah.
3. Then, one sets out to `Arafat, and stays there.

3.4 Arafah
1. Then, when the sun declines on the Day of `Arafah, the imam leads people in Zuhr and `Asr, starting with a sermon in which he teaches people [the details of] the Standing at `Arafah and Muzdalifah, the Pelting of the Jimar, the Immolation and the Tawaf of the Visit (Ziyarah).
2. He leads the people in Zuhr and `Asr in the time of Zuhr, with one adhan and two iqamah.
• Whoever prays in his camp alone prays each one [of the prayers] at its [own] time according to Abu Hanifah (may Allah, the Exalted, show mercy to him).  Abu Yusuf and Muhammad said : The solitary one conjoins them.
3. Then, he sets out to the Standing Place, and stands close to the mountain, although all of `Arafah is a standing place except for the valley of `Arafah.
• Whoever catches the Standing at `Arafah between the decline of the sun on the Day of `Arafah, until sunrise on the Day of Immolation, has caught the hajj.
• Whoever traversed `Arafah while sleeping or unconscious, or did not know it was `Arafah, that suffices him for the Standing.
4.  It is appropriate for the imam to stand at `Arafah on his camel, and to supplicate and teach people the rites.
5. It is recommended to perform ghusl before the Standing, and
6. [It is recommended] to exert oneself in supplication.
7. Then, when the sun sets, the imam, and the people with him, pour forth at their leisure, [proceeding] until they come to Muzdalifah and alight there.

3.5 Muzdalifah
1.  It is praiseworthy to descend close to the mountain called Quzah, on which is the Hearth.
2. The imam leads the people in Maghrib and `Isha’ with an adhan and iqamah.
Whoever prays Maghrib on the way, it is not valid according to Abu Hanifah and Muhammad.
3. Then, when the sun rises, the imam leads the people in Fajr in the dark [part of the time].
4. Then, he stands, and the people stand with him, and he supplicates.
All of Muzdalifah is a standing place, except for the Valley of Muhassir.
5. Then, the imam, and the people [along] with him, pour forth before sunrise, [proceeding] until they come to Mina.

3.6 Pelting Jamrat al-`Aqabah
1. Then, one proceeds to Jamrat al-`Aqabah, and pelts it
• from the inside of the valley,
• with seven pebbles, like the stones of a slingshot
• pronouncing takbir with every pebble.
• One does not stand by it [thereafter].
2. One ceases talbiyah with the [throwing of] the first pebble.
3. Then, he slaughters [an animal] is he likes [since he is performing ifrad].
4. Then, he shortens or shaves [his hair], but shaving is superior.
5. [After this] everything is permissible for him except women.

3.7 The Tawaf of Pouring Forth (Ifadah) or Visiting (Ziyarah)
1. Then, one comes to Makkah on that day, or the following day, or the following, and circumambulates the House [performing] the Tawaf al-Ziyarah, seven circuits.
2. If he had run between Safa and Marwah after the Tawaf of Arrival, he does not perform raml in this tawaf, nor is he obliged to run again.  But, if he had not performed Sa`y before, he performs raml in this tawaf and Sa`y after it in, the manner we have mentioned.
3. [Now,] women are permissible for him.
4. This tawaf is the obligatory (fard) one in hajj.
5. It is disliked to postpone it beyond these days.
• If one did postpone it beyond then, one [sacrificial] blood becomes incumbent upon him, according to Abu Hanifah.

3.8 Stoning the Jamarat
1. Then, one returns to Mina and stays there.
2. When the sun has declined on the second day of immolation, one pelts the three Jamarat,
• starting with the one next to the [Khif] mosque [of Mina],
• pelting it with seven pebbles,
• pronouncing takbir with every pebble.
• One stands and supplicates by it.
3. Then, one pelts the one next to it similarly, and stands by it.
4. Then, one pelts Jamrat al-`Aqabah, and does not stand by it [thereafter].
5. The next day, he pelts the three Jamarat after the decline of the sun similarly.
6. Then, if one wishes to hasten one’s departure, one departs to Makkah.  But, if one wishes to remain, one pelts the three Jamarat on the fourth day after the decline of the sun.
• If, on this day, one performs the pelting before the decline of the sun, after sunrise, it is valid according to Abu Hanifah.
7. It is disliked for a person to send his belongings ahead to Makkah and to take up residence, until he has pelted.

3.9 The Tawaf of Farewell (Wida`)
1. Then, when one departs to Makkah, one alights at al-Muhassab.
2. Then, one performs tawaf of the House, seven circuits, not performing raml in them.
3. This is the Tawaf of Leaving, and it is wajib, except for the residents of Makkah.
4. Then, one returns to one’s family.

3.10 Special regulations for women
The woman is, in all of [the above], the same as the man, except that:
1. She does not uncover her head
2. She uncovers her face.
3. She does not raise her voice in talbiyah.
4. She does not perform raml in tawaf.
5. She does not run between the two posts.
6. She does not shave her head, but she shortens [her hair].

7. If a woman menstruates at the time of ihram, she performs ghusl and enters ihram.  She does as the [male] hajji does, except that she does not perform tawaf of the House until she becomes pure.
8. If she menstruates after the Standing and the Tawaf of Visiting, she [can] depart from Makkah, and there is no [penalty] upon her [in that case] for abandonment of the Tawaf of Leaving.

4.0 QIRAN

Qiran, according to us, is better than [both] tamattu` and ifrad.
The manner of qiran is [as follows]:

4.1 `Umrah Components
1. That one pronounce talbiyah for `umrah and hajj from the miqat, saying after one’s salah : Allahumma inni uridu’l-hajja wal-`umrata fa-yassirhuma li wa-taqabbalhuma minni.
2. Then, when one enters Makkah, one proceeds to perform tawaf of the House, seven circuits, performing raml in the first three of them.
3. One performs Sa`y after that, between Safa and Marwah.
These are the actions of `umrah.
• If the one performing qiran did not enter Makkah [initially], and set out [instead] to `Arafat, then he has then abandoned his `umrah by [performing] the standing.  The [Sacrificial] Blood of Qiran becomes futile for him, but a [sacrificial] blood is [incumbent] upon him for his abandonment of his `umrah, and it is [obligatory] upon him to make it up.

4.2 Hajj Components
1. Then, one performs tawaf after the Sa`y; the Tawaf of Arrival.
2. One runs between Safa and Marwah, as we explained in [the case of one performing] ifrad.
[The other components of hajj are the same as in in ifrad, except for the Sacrificial Blood.]

4.3 The Sacrificial Blood of Qiran
1. When one has pelted the Jamrah on the Day of Immolation, one slaughters a goat/sheep, or a cow, or a camel, or a seventh of a camel.  This is the [Sacrificial] Blood of Qiran.
2. If one does not have [anything] to slaughter, one fasts three days in the hajj, the last of them being the Day of `Arafah.
• If he has missed the fasting by [the time] the Day of Immolation arrives, nothing but the [sacrificial] blood suffices him.
• Then, one fasts seven days when he returns to his family, but if he fasts them in Makkah after he has completed the hajj, it is valid.

5.0 TAMATTU`

1. Tamattu`, according to us, is better than ifrad.
2. There are two methods of tamattu` : tamattu` in which one sends a sacrificial animal, and tamattu` in which one does not send a sacrificial animal.
3. The residents of Makkah may not perform Tamattu`, nor Qiran; they specifically may only perform Ifrad.
4. Whoever entered ihram for `umrah before the Months of Hajj, and performed less than four circuits for it, and then the Months of Hajj entered, such that he then completed it, and then entered ihram for hajj, is in the status of tamattu`.  But, if he performed four circuits or more of the tawaf for his `umrah beforte the Months of Hajj, and then performed hajj that same year, he is not in the status of tamattu`.
The manner of tamattu` is [as follows] :

5.1 `Umrah Components
1. That one start at the miqat, and enter ihram for `umrah.
2. One enters Makkah, and performs tawaf for [`umrah].
• One ceases the talbiyah when one starts the tawaf.
3. One performs Sa`y, [and then] shaves or shortens [his hair].
4. He has now  come out of the ihram of his `umrah.
• He remains in Makkah, out of ihram.

5.2 Hajj Components
1. Then, when it is the Day or Tarwiyah, one enters ihram for hajj from the Mosque.
2. One does as the hajji of ifrad does.

5.3 The Sacrificial Blood of Tamattu`
1. The [Sacrificial] Blood of Tamattu` is [obligatory] upon him.
• If he does not find [the means to sacrifice then] he fasts three days in the hajj and seven when he returns.
2. If the one performing tamattu` desires to send a sacrificial animal, he enters ihram and sends the sacrificial animal.  If it is a camel, he garlands it with a haversack, or leather.
• He marks the camel, according to Abu Yusuf and Muhammad.  It is : that one rend its hump from the right side.  According to Abu Hanifah, one does not rend it [if it will be in a cruel manner].
3. Then, when one enters Makkah, one performs tawaf and Sa`y, but does not come out of ihram.  [He remains in ihram] until he enters ihram for hajj on the Day of Tarwiyah, although if he entered ihram before that it is valid but a [sacrificial] blood is [then obligatory] upon him.
4. Then, when he shaves [his head] on the Day of Immolation, he has thereby freed himself from both ihrams.
5. If the one performing tamattu` returned to his family after his completion of `umrah, and had not sent a sacrifical animal, his tamattu` is invalidated.
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mabdullah
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« Reply #6 on: September 07, 2014, 06:35:24 AM »

Short book on Fiqh of Hajj

http://d1.islamhouse.com/data/en/ih_books/single/en_fiqh_of_hajj_albaani.pdf


« Last Edit: September 07, 2014, 06:37:16 AM by mabdullah » Logged
mabdullah
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« Reply #7 on: September 18, 2015, 03:55:05 PM »

Conditions of Acceptable Hajj


a.      It should be done with halaal money (earned from permissible sources)

b.     One should avoid immoral actions, sin and arguments whilst doing Hajj

c.     He should perform all the rituals according to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

d.     He should not do Hajj to show off, rather he should do it sincerely for the sake of Allaah.

e.      He should not follow it with any act of disobedience or sin.
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