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« on: September 08, 2009, 02:47:00 PM »

AA wr wb

A brother asks:

If anybody cannot keep the fasting (They dont have strength if they don't eat they will fall unconscious) can others keep the fasting on behalf of them (like husband, daughter or sister) please tell me?
 
Even the person is alive.
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UmmOmar
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« Reply #1 on: September 09, 2009, 01:15:35 AM »

wa `alaykum as-salam wa ra7mat ALLAH wa barakatuh

Bismillahir-Ra7manir-Ra7eem

In sha' ALLAH, i'll paste for you an answer to a similar question from islam-qa:

Praise be to Allaah.

1. Firstly:

If a person is sick and unable to fast, one of the following two scenarios must apply: either his sickness is temporary, so he is allowed not to fast and he has to make up the fast after he recovers and becomes able to fast, or his sickness is chronic, in which case he is allowed not to fast but he must feed one poor person for each day.

2. Praise be to Allaah

We ask Allaah, the Lord of the mighty Throne, to heal you.

You have to refer to a trustworthy doctor. If the sickness from which you are suffering is one from which there is the hope of recovery, then after you recover you have to make up the fasts that you missed during this Ramadaan and the previous Ramadaan, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days”
[al-Baqarah 2:185]

But if the sickness is permanent and there is no hope of recovery, then you have to feed one poor person for each day that you did not fast in this Ramadaan and in the previous one, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskeen (poor person) (for every day)”
[al-Baqarah 2:184]

Ibn ‘Abbaas said: This refers to the old man or old woman who cannot fast, so for each day they should feed one poor person. This was narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4505. The sick person who has no hope of recovery comes under the same ruling as the elderly.

Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni, 4/396:

The sick person who has no hope of recovery should not fast, and for each day he should feed one poor person, because he is like one who is elderly.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said in Majaalis Ramadaan, p. 32:

The one who is permanently unable to fast and has no hope of recovery – such as the elderly and those who are incurably sick, such as those who have cancer etc. – do not have to fast because they are unable to. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can”
[al-Taghaabun 64:16]

“Allaah burdens not a person beyond his scope”
[al-Baqarah 2:286]

But instead of fasting he has to feed one poor person for each day.

3. The basic principle with regard to physical acts of worship is that the Muslim should do them on behalf of himself, and they cannot be done on behalf of others. It is not permissible for anyone to pray on behalf of anyone else, or to fast on behalf of anyone else, according to scholarly consensus. Rather Hajj and ‘Umrah may be performed on behalf of one who is unable to do them during his lifetime, as is stated in the saheeh texts.

Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: 

With regard to prayer, the scholarly consensus is that no one can pray on behalf of anyone else, whether it is an obligatory prayer or a Sunnah or naafil prayer, on behalf of one who is living or one who is dead. Similarly, fasting on behalf of one who is alive is not valid and cannot be done on behalf of anyone else. There is consensus on all of this and there is no difference of opinion.

But if a person has died and still owes some fasts, this is a matter concerning which the scholars, both ancient and modern, have differed. End quote.

Al-Istidhkaar, 3/340

And Allaah knows best.

ref.: http://islamqa.com/en/ref/65928/fasting%20on%20behalf%20of
ref.: http://islamqa.com/en/ref/37761
aslo u can refer to: http://www.islamweb.net/ver2/Fatwa/ShowFatwa.php?lang=E&Id=82090&Option=FatwaId

fee aman ALLAH
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And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then, I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Qur'an (2:186)
 
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